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Per Norberg and Jakob Juul-Sandberg

The Nordic countries Sweden, Finland and Denmark possess exemplary social tenancy regimes focusing on rent control and other elaborate interest balancing mechanisms: Denmark has as its principal form the cost-based rent, which is fixed at below market level on the basis of the running costs, a surcharge for improvements and a small profit margin. Finland liberalized rents in the 1990s in order to bring more apartments onto the market, though the link to a cost index is usual for rent increases. Sweden has a system under which most rents are negotiated collectively between tenant unions and municipal and private landlords. The Swedish and Danish rent regulation is complemented by a protective regulation of duration and termination of contracts, which normally enable the tenant to opt for prorogations; also, the tenant has the right to transfer the tenancy to family members. As a result, it is often impossible for the landlord to terminate the tenancy contract even for reasons of personal or family use. Against this background, the authors propose to assimilate the doctrinal concept of tenancies to that of ownership, so as to fully implement the principle of tenure neutrality.

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Edited by Weijer VerLoren van Themaat and Berend Reuder

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REGULATION (EU) NO 330/2010 ON VERTICAL AGREEMENTS

A Case Commentary, Second Edition

Edited by Weijer VerLoren van Themaat and Berend Reuder

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Edited by Weijer VerLoren van Themaat and Berend Reuder

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Edited by Weijer VerLoren van Themaat and Berend Reuder

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Edited by Weijer VerLoren van Themaat and Berend Reuder

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Justin B. Hollander

regionalism; regional planning; population projections; economic base analysis; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

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Edited by Julian M. Hayter and George R. Goethals

This collection of original essays and commentary considers not merely how history has shaped the continuing struggle for racial equality, but also how backlash and resistance to racial reforms continue to dictate the state of race in America. Informed by a broad historical perspective, this book focuses primarily on the promise of Reconstruction, and the long demise of that promise. It traces the history of struggles for racial justice from the post US Civil War Reconstruction through the Jim Crow era, the Civil Rights and Voting Rights decades of the 1950s and 1960s to the present day.
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Kristin M.S. Bezio

Within the past decade, video games—often associated with violence and shooting—have entered a new stage in their development as a sophisticated and even artistic medium. In light of popular and news attacks on the ethical value of games, many independent development companies and designers have sought to make use of digital platforms to evolve the medium away from violent (or, at least, only violent) content and to use digital gameplay to encourage empathy and human connectivity. In this chapter, I discuss a few examples of these games, including Journey (thatgamecompany, 2012) and the Mass Effect series (2007–17) both of which use the interactivity to evoke imaginative empathy and produce a common human connection via digital gaming, thereby encouraging players to engage in leadership and transformational change in the real world.

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Roh Pin Lee, Ronny Reinhardt, Florian Keller, Sebastian Gurtner and Lutz Schiffer

Political and industrial decision makers have to promote technological innovations that pave the way for a low-carbon economy while ensuring the security and competitiveness of raw material supplies. In this complex decision-making environment, it is highly challenging to obtain a holistic and well-grounded overview of the wider institutional environment affecting industrial value chains. This chapter illustrates the managerial relevance and implications of a raw materials transition through a case study of the German chemical industry. Utilizing a cradle-to-gate approach, an integrated techno-economic-environmental evaluation of viable carbon resource alternatives for producing organic chemicals is conducted. The results illustrate the complexity and diversity of issues decision makers face. Additionally, qualitative factors are considered to illustrate motivators and risks that could influence decisions about whether to invest in alternative carbon feedstock. Finally, management theories and practices that could support strategic decision makers in resolving the conflicting demands of the institutional environment are discussed.