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Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform

An International Law Response

Vernon J.C. Rive

This much-needed book provides an empirically-grounded, and theoretically informed account of international law sources, mechanisms, initiatives and institutions which address and affect the practice of subsidising fossil fuel consumption and production. Drawing on recent scholarship on emerging international governance mechanisms, ‘informal’ international law-making and regime interaction, it offers suggestions, and critiques suggestions of others, for how the international law framework could be employed more effectively and appropriately to respond to environmentally and fiscally harmful fossil fuel subsidies.
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Regulating Offshore Petroleum Resources

The British and Norwegian Models

Edited by Eduardo G. Pereira and Henrik Bjørnebye

Regulating Offshore Petroleum Resources examines the main regulatory characteristics of the Norwegian and the British models for petroleum exploration, production and supply. The authors explore to what extent these models are relevant for the design of regulatory models in countries with significant existing petroleum resources. The applicability of these regulatory models to countries with potential petroleum resources is also assessed.
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Edited by Günther Handl and Kristoffer Svendsen

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Edited by Günther Handl and Kristoffer Svendsen

When the new millennium began, rather ominously, with a series of spectacular natural and man-made catastrophes, some commentators spoke of these events as the opening act of an ‘age of disaster’ in which the line between man-made and natural disasters was increasingly becoming blurred. For others this beginning symbolized, more dramatically still, the dawn of a new geological epoch, the Anthropocene, a period in which human activity has begun to affect the very mechanics of ‘system Earth’ as such. Whatever this inauspicious beginning’s larger significance (or eloquent characterization), it surely was also a prosaic reminder of the inexorable increase in discrete, intrinsically man-made hazards capable of causing significant accidental harm. Prime illustrations of this phenomenon are the accidents at the Montara Wellhead Platform and the Macondo (Deepwater Horizon – DWH) oil well, in 2009 and 2010 respectively, as well as the (earthquake and tsunami-triggered) disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in 2011. Whereas, post-Fukushima, the nuclear industry underwent critical appraisal of its international regulatory framework and a tightening of its safety and emergency preparedness and response requirements, in the wake of the Montara and DWH accidents, the offshore oil and gas industry escaped global-level scrutiny and regulatory attention for the simple reason that the industry had remained largely unregulated internationally. To be sure, the two offshore accidents did trigger reviews and, in a few instances, specific adjustments of national (and regional) laws and regulations applicable to offshore oil and gas operations. By contrast, at the global level, efforts at expanding the offshore industry’s international governance structure beyond its presently extremely limited scope, let alone at establishing globally binding criteria to manage critical aspects of the risk of offshore accidents, have largely been stymied. This lack of international regulatory attention to the offshore industry, however, is unjustifiable given enormous actual (as demonstrated by the Ixtoc I and Montara incidents) or potential (as hinted at by the DWH event) transboundary impacts of offshore accidents and the state of global regulatory interdependence characteristic of the industry as a whole.

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Managing the Risk of Offshore Oil and Gas Accidents

The International Legal Dimension

Edited by Günther Handl and Kristoffer Svendsen

This book addresses the international legal dimension of the management of the risk of accidents associated with offshore oil and gas activities. It focuses on the prevention and minimization of harm as well as the post-accident management of loss through liability and compensation arrangements and the processing of mass claims for compensation. Government officials of countries with offshore industries, international civil servants and academics in related fields will find the book a valuable resource.
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RAFAEL LEAL-ARCAS

The Commentary on the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) provides a unique, article-by-article, textual analysis of this important international agreement. The ECT outlines a multilateral framework for cross-border cooperation in the energy sector based on the principles of open competitive markets and sustainable development.
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Edited by Rafael Leal-Arcas

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Rafael Leal-Arcas

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Antonio Morelli

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Edited by Rafael Leal-Arcas