For those of us who were born in the 1970s and the 1980s, a geographic Europe without a European Economic Area is inconceivable. Our generation has been studying the acquis communautaire together with the constitutional law of the Member State where they attended university. Those who were born in the 1990s, who are entering the legal profession now, have received their pocket money and their first pay cheque in euros. Yet, the Brexit referendum in 2016 has shaken our common beliefs. Is the European Union (EU) a project European citizens need? Is it possible to maintain political stability, peace and prosperity without it? Brexit seemed to represent, at the time, the potential follow-up to Grexit and the forerunner to Italexit. After three years of self-destructive actions by the British government, the firm and united reaction of the rest of Europe has shown the world that the EU is here to stay. Until Brexit, the UK and the English practitioners were at the forefront in interpreting and making the EU financial regulations familiar to market participants. They were the point of reference. Today we still read the EU policies and laws on financial services through the lenses of English law and practice. Yet Brexit has started a process that will likely change the status quo. Brexit pushed and will push more and more practitioners in a post-Brexit EU to challenge themselves, and to find new paradigms.
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Edited by Federico Fabbrini and Marco Ventoruzzo
Edited by Gianni Lo Schiavo
This chapter examines the provision of emergency financial support to credit institutions in light of the European Banking Union (EBU). Emergency liquidity provision can be regarded as an integral component of both EBU pillars, namely the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) and the Single Resolution Mechanism (SRM).2 The first sets up a common supervisory system for credit institutions. The second introduces a procedure for the orderly winding-up of credit institutions.