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Edited by Edward W. Fuller

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Edited by Edward W. Fuller

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Edited by Edward W. Fuller

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A Source Book on Early Monetary Thought

Writings on Money before Adam Smith

Edited by Edward W. Fuller

This volume contains thirty-seven contributions from the most significant early developers of monetary economics. Starting with Aristotle, the collection tracks the development of the modern theory of money through the ages by thinkers like Albert the Great, Thomas Aquinas, Jean Buridan, Martin de Azpilcueta, John Locke, Richard Cantillon, David Hume, and A.R.J Turgot.
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30 Years of Transition in Europe

Looking Back and Looking Beyond in CESEE Countries

Edited by Robert Holzmann, Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald and Helene Schuberth

This thought-provoking book investigates the political and economic transformation that has taken place over the past three decades in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe (CESEE) since the fall of the Iron Curtain. Through an examination of both the successes and shortcomings of post communist reform and the challenges ahead for the region, it explores the topical issues of economic transition and integration, and highlights lessons to be learned.
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Basil Oberholzer

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Basil Oberholzer

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Basil Oberholzer

Global capitalism as we face it today has deprived countries of their autonomy in making economic policy decisions. This is even more true for small economies such as developing countries. If they want a chance to provide their populations with acceptable living conditions, they need to regain their scope of action. In particular, countries must be able to defend themselves against devastating macroeconomic events such as capital flight and currency crises. This book has delivered arguments for how poor countries may design macroeconomic strategies to foster economic development. After removing the external constraint and getting the system for their international payments right, developing countries are able to direct the domestic economy. Taxation and social expenditures on the one hand, but mainly public investment on the other hand, are important instruments to bring about economic prosperity and poverty reduction. With the reform of international payments, they can unfold their full potential because they no longer trigger exchange rate volatility, nor do they involve a drag on domestic demand caused by the twofold payment of imports and interest on foreign debt. No doubt, there are gaps in the analysis. It was argued at the beginning that inequality is an important factor determining both objective and subjective poverty. Yet, it has not been systematically integrated into the theoretical analysis. At least, however, the potential of economic policy to influence income distribution, be it by taxation and social transfers or by the public sector’s (intentional) impact on the labor market, has been highlighted. There is a sketch of how a development strategy can also direct the share of total income going to labor. This can be emphasized further, particularly regarding the harmful impact of inequality on a society’s health and violence. Poverty is a multidimensional issue to which this book cannot do justice. But a macroeconomically sound system is necessary to even think about how to reduce it.

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Development Macroeconomics

Alternative Strategies for Growth

Basil Oberholzer

This insightful book offers a comprehensive analysis of how macroeconomics can steer development and reduce poverty. It untangles how developing countries can apply effective economic policies in spite of the challenges they face.
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Basil Oberholzer

When popular Michael Manley took office as the Prime Minister of Jamaica in 1972, the country suffered from high illiteracy, unemployment and poverty. In the two decades before, the private sector had proven not to be able to guarantee long-term economic and social development. The government was expected to initiate change and steer growth (Davis, 1986, p. 77). Immediately after his election, Manley started the program he had promised: among other measures, a minimum wage was established; his land reform redistributed farmland to small-scale farmers; education at all levels became free; adult education programs reduced illiteracy. Did the story end as a success? To finance the program, the government ran high budget deficits that were mainly financed by foreign capital flows. The government expanded, while support for the private sector was reduced. This prompted capital flight (Shams, 1989, p. 75). Capital leaving the country meant currency devaluation, inflation, and economic contraction. Violence spread over the country. Manley lost his election in 1980.