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Edited by Jacob H. Rooksby
This is the beginning, rather than the end. The addition of new generic Top-Level Domains (gTLDs) to the Internet Domain Name System (DNS) has significantly increased the number of existing TLDs available to registrants. Although there is no prospect that new gTLDs will significantly affect the dominance of <.com>, they provide an additional supply of available names for registrants. These new names will remain with the Internet for as long as domain names are relevant. In this sense, the programme has changed the DNS. The programme has also contributed significantly to changes in the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), and it has led to the creation of a rather extensive framework of transnational private regulation, which is applied in a quasi-judicial system. In my view, it would be useful to develop ICANN’s many dispute-resolution policies and independent review into a more elaborate arbitration system that can fulfil the need for a quasi-judicial system, to support the fair and consistent adjudication of cases under ICANN’s transnational private regulation.
The aim of this ending chapter is to present a structured summary of the previous chapters and tie them together through lingering on some cross-chapter themes and contributions in view of the aims of the book. Some of the main themes in this book at macro-level will moreover be tied into a previous book of mine 20 years back (as of April 2018) on the rise of intellectual capitalism and the economics and management of IP at micro-level. The chapter will end with a final plea for transnational technology and innovation governance in light of the crucial roles of new technologies and innovations and for global challenges and welfare. The general aim of this book has been to present a research-based analysis of the linkages between R & D, patents, innovations, growth and welfare and thereby increase our knowledge about how R & D of new technologies and innovations can contribute to growth and ultimately to welfare in society. A corollary aim has then been to focus specifically on patents and their linkages since patent and IP issues have been somewhat disconnected in general from R & D, innovations and economic growth in studies and debate of the latter. A subsidiary aim has been to clarify and offer a number of key concepts, distinctions and models in an attempt to contribute to a professional language in the innovation policy and management area. A final aim of the book has been to contribute to research in the innovation and IP area by offering some answers to common research questions as well as offering methods and suggestions for further IP policy research.