This research review discusses the most critical and influential articles that utilise field experimentation to answer questions of economic importance. Field experiments have gained popularity in recent years, allowing researchers to infer causal effects of different market environments, policies and interventions. The articles analysed here provide insights into market functioning and individual and group decision-making across a wide range of domains, including marketplace transactions, labor decisions, charitable giving, financial planning, and education and health-related decision-making. This research review will be an important resource for students new to the methodology and applications of field experiments and academics alike.
This research review discusses and analyses a unique collection of key publications at the intersection of biology and economics, two disciplines that share a common subject: Homo sapiens. Beginning with Thomas Malthus whose dire predictions of mass starvation due to population growth influenced Charles Darwin economists have routinely used biological arguments in their models and methods. The review summarizes the most important of these developments in areas such as sociobiology, evolutionary psychology, behavioral ecology, behavioral economics and finance, neuroeconomics, and behavioral genomics. This research review will be an indispensable tool for economists, biologists, and practitioners looking to develop a deeper understanding of the limits of Homo economicus.
Please note this updated and revised Research Review is only available online. The link to Buy Book in Print and Find This Book in Your Library is to a previous edition available in print. The previous print edition reprints the full text of many, though not all, of the Recommended Articles and complements the online edition.
Economic forecasting has a long, and at times extremely chequered, history. While forecasts from large-scale macroeconomic models have attracted most attention in recent times, attempts to find temporal patterns in economic data that might enable predictions to be made about future events stretch back to the 17th century. This research review begins by discussing these early attempts at forecasting before moving on to the more current themes of macroeconomic forecasting and policy making, time series forecasting, the econometrics of forecasting, forecast evaluation, forecasting with leading indicators, forecasting in finance and economic forecasting using surveys.
The last several decades have seen major advances in the ways in which public economists investigate behavioural responses to taxation. Recent research has utilized new data sets and has applied new empirical methods, including laboratory experiments and natural and controlled field experiments. The application of behavioural economics has contributed insights from other disciplines, especially psychology. James Alm and Sebastian Leguizamon discuss the lessons from all this work. Covering such topics as labour supply, charitable giving, savings, capital gains realisations, mobility, bequests, family structure, reported income and tax evasion, they highlight the current state of knowledge in this area. They present new thinking about the relevant issues and an analysis of useful policy options.
What are people buying when they give money away? Is pure altruism possible? Who benefits from grants to charities and subsidies to givers? Is religious giving different? Which fundraising approaches ‘wok’, and is more charity always better? Questions like these make philanthropy and fundraising among the most dynamic research areas in economics today. This research review guides students and scholars from the time when giving was seen as ‘irrational’, to the present when economics has fully embraced the complex and fascinating challenges of understanding why self-interested people can be so unselfish.
This invaluable research review brings together seminal articles with a significant behavioural content on various areas in macroeconomics. The topics covered include a historical perspective on psychology and economics, social norms and macroeconomics, the nature of unemployment, unemployment and inflation, consumption and saving, the causes of the global financial crisis, economic growth and happiness and income distribution and the underclass.
This research review assesses over seventy valuable references written by economists, psychologists and social scientists that examine the field of new behavioural economics. The review demonstrates how new behavioural economics and decision sciences deal with different issues with almost the same response – to include a new taste in utility function.
In his research review Professor Khalil investigates the strengths and weaknesses of the literature and provides an essential insight into this field of study.
During the last two decades researchers in the field of experimental law and economics have made significant contributions to our knowledge of human behaviour and its interaction with legal and regulatory environments. This research review examines the use of laboratory experiments to test and develop these theories about how people behave, including their responses to legal rules.