This impressive research review discusses the most important contributions by some of the leading scholars in the field of poverty measurement. It analyses what constitutes poverty and associated poverty measures, as well as conceptual and empirical approaches to set poverty lines for both national and international settings. The papers discussed in this research review also discuss national and international income poverty measures, multidimensional poverty indices, and ways to capture poverty dynamics.
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Nanak Kakwani and Hyun Hwa Son
This research review offers an insight to some of the most important questions economists and policymakers have been grappling over. A substantial amount of research has been carried out using cross-country regression models, resulting in a better and improved understanding of the linkage between economic growth and poverty reduction. The literature on cross-country regressions, however, has led to conflicting conclusions. Reconciling diverging messages makes it difficult to accurately inform policy-making. Based on a selection of influential papers, this volume provides a critical review of the literature. Scholars who envision a world free of extreme poverty will find this analysis particularly valuable.
Edited by Conchita D’Ambrosio
The past decade has been characterized by a burgeoning interest in new concepts of individual and social well-being. The impetus for this new research has stemmed from increased demand from policy makers and civil society for measures of progress that go beyond the traditional measures of GDP, as well as improved datasets allowing individuals and households to be tracked over their life course. The aim of this Handbook is to chart these developments and provide extensive surveys of many of the recent themes that have emerged in the research literature. Some of the topics addressed include poverty. relative deprivation and satisfaction, economic insecurity, social exclusion and inequality, income and social polarization, and social fractionalization and diversity. Each topic is first analyzed from a theoretical perspective, followed by detailed empirical discussion.
The Social Challenge Ahead
Edited by Ulf Bernitz, Moa Mårtensson, Lars Oxelheim and Thomas Persson
Taking an interdisciplinary approach, the authors invaluably pinpoint both overarching problems and possibilities associated with the social dimension of European integration. Prominent researchers of economics, law and political science tackle this complex issue, providing new solutions within their respective fields of expertise. Illustrating the importance of cohesion, this book is vital for those interested in comparative European studies, from backgrounds in public and social policy, law and economics.
What Can Be Done About Wealth Inequality?
Roger A. McCain
Drawing on some recent research (especially that of Piketty and his associates) and on older ideas (particularly from Sir Arthur Lewis), Roger McCain proposes policies that, together, would aim to reverse the observed tendency towards the concentration of wealth in market economies, thus ‘approach equality.’ The shortcomings and dangers of rising wealth inequality are discussed, both from the point of view of increasing instability and of equalitarian values.
International and Critical Perspectives
Edited by James Midgley, Espen Dahl and Amy Conley Wright
This book contributes to the growing literature on social investment by discussing the way social investment ideas have been adopted in different countries and in various academic and professional fields, including social policy, development studies and non-profit management. Documenting the experience of implementing social investment in different communities, it encourages a One World perspective that integrates these diverse experiences and promotes policy learning between different nations.
Michael Schneider, Mike Pottenger and J. E. King
This book is about the distribution of wealth among people, described by statisticians as the size distribution of wealth, and the way that this distribution has changed over time. It provides answers to a host of important questions including, why is the distribution of wealth important and how can it be measured? How unequal is this distribution in practice, and has the degree of inequality changed over time? What factors determine the level of inequality? What criteria can be used to rank alternative distributions of wealth and what instruments are available to a government that wishes to change the distribution? How is the distribution of wealth related to the aggregate amount of wealth? The answers have many dimensions, notably economic, statistical, ethical, political, sociological and legal.
An Introduction to the Relationship between Inequality and Health
Andreas Bergh, Therese Nilsson and Daniel Waldenström
There is a clear trend in rich countries that despite rising incomes and living standards, the gap between rich and poor is widening. What does this mean for our health? Does increasing income inequality affect outcomes such as obesity, life expectancy and subjective well-being? Are rich and poor groups affected in the same ways? This book reviews the latest research on the relationship between inequality and health. It provides the reader with a pedagogical introduction to the tools and knowledge required to understand and assess the issue. Main conclusions from the literature are then summarized and discussed critically.
Edited by Luigino Bruni and Pier Luigi Porta
Offering a thorough assessment of the recent developments in the economic literature on happiness and quality of life, this Handbook astutely considers both methods of estimation and policy application. The expert contributors critically present in-depth research on a wide range of topics including culture and media, inequality, and the relational and emotional side of human life. Accessible and far-reaching, it will prove an invaluable resource for students and scholars of welfare and economics.
What are people buying when they give money away? Is pure altruism possible? Who benefits from grants to charities and subsidies to givers? Is religious giving different? Which fundraising approaches ‘wok’, and is more charity always better? Questions like these make philanthropy and fundraising among the most dynamic research areas in economics today. This research review guides students and scholars from the time when giving was seen as ‘irrational’, to the present when economics has fully embraced the complex and fascinating challenges of understanding why self-interested people can be so unselfish.