Online surveys are complex, with many factors affecting rates of response. Reasons for non-response are argued here to fall into three main categories: questionnaire design, personal motivation of respondents and distribution methods. The last category is particularly significant in relation to the assumed online preference of Generation X and Y.
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Kate Black and Russell Warhurst
This chapter overviews the different approaches to using visual methods in HRD research, offering a ‘toolbox’ from which HRD-researchers might select according to their research needs. We explore the different traditions of visual research design and methods, with a specific focus upon their practical application within the HRD research context.
Following increasing numbers of calls for researchers to state their guiding paradigm when publishing their research, this chapter outlines personal experiences of striving to do this. It offers a simplified philosophical framework to aid researchers in locating and taking ownership of their philosophical perspective.
Jeff Gold, Tim Spackman, Diane Marks, Nick Beech, Julia Calver and Adrian Ogun
For the usability of research in HRD to progress, more attention needs to be given to scholarly practice. Roles, strategies and behaviours for HRD scholar-practitioners are explored and critiqued, before the key features of research as a ‘phronetic social science’ are presented. HRD scholar-practitioners’ voices are considered and discussed.
Russell Warhurst and Kate Black
The chapter provides an overview of the, as yet, under-utilised tool of photo-elicitation interviewing. It examines the development of this method and its value to HRD research. A case of non-formal expansive workplace learning of public sector professionals is offered to illustrate the application of this approach in HRD-research practice.
Regina H. Mulder
The Critical Incident Technique and Vignette Technique and their possible use in HRD research is explored. Examples of own research on informal learning and behaviour at work illustrate how challenges caused by the nature of the object of investigation and the complexity of the real work setting can be dealt with.
Cinla Akinci and Mark N.K. Saunders
This chapter provides an overview of the design and use of questionnaire surveys in Human Resource Development (HRD) research, focusing on the commonly occurring methodological issues and associated concerns. These are illustrated drawing upon personal experience of four projects within a large UK public sector organisation.
Rob F. Poell
This chapter provides an overview of systematic content analysis (SCA) as an approach to analysing qualitative data. SCA aims to summarise the meaning of (textual) communication. The chapter looks briefly at its history, main characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. Its use is then illustrated presenting an empirical HRD study and discussed.
Céline Rojon and Almuth McDowall
This chapter explicates systematic review methodology as an evidence-based approach for examining literature, drawing on the authors’ experience of conducting a systematic review as well as on the discussion of other existing systematic reviews. Introducing key tenets, the methodology is benchmarked against alternative reviewing approaches, discussing advantages and potential disadvantages, alongside practicalities and challenges.