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Andrew M. Jones

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David J. Teece and Neil M. Kay

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Andrew M. Jones

This research review discusses some of the most influential literature in the area of empirical health economics. Health economics provides empirical evidence to aid decision-making across a broad spectrum of issues in health and health care. This evidence is often derived from econometric methods. This literature analysis covers landmark contributions to the development and application of these methods which span the field, ranging from structural models, models for health care costs and other microeconometric approaches, including bayesian methods, longitudinal data, applications to health technology assessment, along with field experiments and policy evaluation. This review will be of interest to economic researchers and students as well as health scholar’s wishing to explore the development of modern econometrics applied to health policy.
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David J. Teece and Neil M. Kay

This stimulating research review analyses how the theory of the firm evolved from several core concepts and building blocks that underpin this important area of economics. It discusses a variety of perspectives from leading scholars in the field, including the basic elements of: risk and uncertainty; information and knowledge; bounded rationality and decision making; motives and incentives; resources and capabilities; and transactions. The review goes on to examine how the various elements are integrated into the modern Theory of the Firm with the notion of organization coming increasingly to the fore. It focuses on norms; rules and routines; the entrepreneur; governance; hierarchies; co-operation, teams and networks; innovation and appropriability. This comprehensive review will be an invaluable reference tool for all researchers and students with an interest in the modern theory of the firm, highlighting how it needs to evolve further to address the important management and policy issues of our time.
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David J. Teece and Neil M. Kay

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David J. Teece and Neil M. Kay

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Andrew M. Jones

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Tamara Wood

This chapter contributes to an understanding of the African regional refugee protection instrument - the 1969 OAU Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa. As its full title makes clear, the 1969 Convention is intended to deal with those aspects of the refugee problem that are particular to Africa and are not adequately addressed by the 1951 Refugee Convention. This chapter outlines some of the 1969 Convention’s distinctive features, such as its expanded definition of a ‘refugee’, strengthened protections for refugees, and acknowledgement of the links between refugee protection and state security. This chapter also explores the 1969 Convention’s significance for the future of refugee law, including its adaptability to changing contexts and causes of displacement and its implementation in practice within African states.

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Stephen Lubben

If the debtor’s assets do not need serious restructuring, but instead the company simply needs to get out from under excessive debt obligations, a quick sale can return the assets to productive use in a short period of time. Section 363(b)(1) provides that the “trustee, after notice and a hearing, may use, sell, or lease, other than in the ordinary course of business, property of the estate.” Some debtors find it easier to sell their assets in the early days of the case, and then turn to negotiating a plan that will distribute the proceeds. In essence this plan becomes a liquidating plan, and an important part of the action occurs at the point of the sale. These sales are referred to as “363 sales,” after section 363 of the Code.