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Hongjun Zhao

This chapter discusses the future Chinese governance pattern through the use of such questions as: Will the governance pattern under the petty peasant economy still exist in the future? What is the future path of the Chinese governance pattern? Is China creating a new governance model? What are the challenges to the Chinese governance pattern in the era of globalization? What is the direction of this research in the future?

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Hongjun Zhao

This chapter discusses the rise of Western Europe after the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries such as the reformation in the field of culture, religion, economic expansion, scientific revolution, industrial revolution, and political revolution, and its challenges to the Chinese governance pattern.

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Hongjun Zhao

This chapter discusses the reform and opening up since 1978 and its great impact on the transformation of the governance pattern in Chinese history using the following logic: experiments in governance pattern and the general features of China’s governance pattern before the reform and opening up; transformation of the governance pattern since the reform and opening up; relations between governance and economic growth; an econometric test of the relationship between the governance pattern before and after the reform and economic development.

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Hongjun Zhao

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Hongjun Zhao

This chapter discusses the formation and consolidation of the petty peasant economy in Chinese history and the efficiency advantage, status, and impacts of it in Chinese economy and society. The author analyses its important institutional connection with Chinese governance using a long-term institutional framework, discusses its main characteristics and its impact on the inertial pattern of Chinese governance, and finally, draws the conclusion that the economic nature of centralized governance in Chinese history is an institutional equilibrium.

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Hongjun Zhao

This chapter discusses the background and significance of the study, and introduces the main subjects and basic concepts of the book, such as the peasant economy and governmental governance. The author presents an overview of the book, the research method used, and conclusion, and indicates the innovation and limitation of the study.

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Hongjun Zhao

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Hongjun Zhao

This chapter provides empirical evidence of the Chinese governance and long-term economic development from the perspective of dynastic alternation and demographic changes in history, the change of governance pattern in Chinese history and GDP per capita, governance pattern and technological progress in Chinese history, respectively.

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Hongjun Zhao

This chapter discusses the dynamic evolution of the Chinese governance pattern in each dynasty, first, by providing the content of governmental governance to be discussed, second, through reviewing the governance pattern in each dynasty before the tenth century AD and after that.

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Hongjun Zhao

This chapter provides a literature review of the reasons why China developed earlier than Europe before 1400 but became backward gradually after 1500, which was broadly defined as the so-called Needham puzzle. The author reviews the most relevant literatures in economics, sociology, history, political science, philosophy, and so on, comparing their hypotheses and arguments, indicating the methodological biases in the different disciplines, putting forward the criteria of analysis of the Needham puzzle, and selecting some new hypotheses that economists can use to analyse the long-term economic development of China during the past thousand years.