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Hongjun Zhao

This chapter discusses the future Chinese governance pattern through the use of such questions as: Will the governance pattern under the petty peasant economy still exist in the future? What is the future path of the Chinese governance pattern? Is China creating a new governance model? What are the challenges to the Chinese governance pattern in the era of globalization? What is the direction of this research in the future?

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Hongjun Zhao

This chapter discusses the rise of Western Europe after the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries such as the reformation in the field of culture, religion, economic expansion, scientific revolution, industrial revolution, and political revolution, and its challenges to the Chinese governance pattern.

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Hongjun Zhao

This chapter discusses the reform and opening up since 1978 and its great impact on the transformation of the governance pattern in Chinese history using the following logic: experiments in governance pattern and the general features of China’s governance pattern before the reform and opening up; transformation of the governance pattern since the reform and opening up; relations between governance and economic growth; an econometric test of the relationship between the governance pattern before and after the reform and economic development.

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Hongjun Zhao

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Fan Zhang

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Hongjun Zhao

This chapter discusses the formation and consolidation of the petty peasant economy in Chinese history and the efficiency advantage, status, and impacts of it in Chinese economy and society. The author analyses its important institutional connection with Chinese governance using a long-term institutional framework, discusses its main characteristics and its impact on the inertial pattern of Chinese governance, and finally, draws the conclusion that the economic nature of centralized governance in Chinese history is an institutional equilibrium.

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Hongjun Zhao

This chapter discusses the background and significance of the study, and introduces the main subjects and basic concepts of the book, such as the peasant economy and governmental governance. The author presents an overview of the book, the research method used, and conclusion, and indicates the innovation and limitation of the study.

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Fan Zhang

China’s experience over the past decades is not just a story of economic growth, it is also one of institutional change. The current political-economic system is a bureaucratic market system, in which the government and the market both coexist and conflict with each other. This book gives a detailed description of the institutional evolution in China, using large amounts of documents and cases. The book provides a theory explaining the origin of China’s reform, the political and economic forces driving the reform, and the reasoning behind the stagnation and turn-over of reform.
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Hongjun Zhao

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Hongjun Zhao

This chapter provides empirical evidence of the Chinese governance and long-term economic development from the perspective of dynastic alternation and demographic changes in history, the change of governance pattern in Chinese history and GDP per capita, governance pattern and technological progress in Chinese history, respectively.