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Allen J. Scott

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Edited by André Torre and Delphine Gallaud

This Handbook is a state-of-the-art analysis of proximity relations, offering insights into its history alongside up-to-date scientific advances and emerging questions. Its broad scope – from industrial and innovation approaches through to society issues of living and working at a distance, territorial development and environmental topics – will ensure an in-depth focus point for researchers in economics as well as geography, organizational studies, planning and sociology.
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John Aldo Lee, Cyril de Bodt, Ludovic Journaux and Lucile Sautot

Dimensionality reduction aims at representing high-dimensional data in a lower-dimensional representation, while preserving their structure (clusters, outliers, manifold). Dimensionality reduction can be used for exploratory data visualization, data compression, or as a preprocessing to some other analysis in order to alleviate the curse of dimensionality. Data structure is usually quantified with indicators, like covariance between variables, or pairwise proximity relationships, like scalar products, distances, similarities, or neighbourhoods. One objective of this chapter is to provide an overview of some classical and more recent methods of dimensionality reduction, to shed some light on them from the perspective of analyzing proximities, and to illustrate them with multivariate data that could be typically encountered in social sciences. Complementary aspects like quality assessment and alternative metrics are briefly developed.

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Edited by André Torre and Delphine Gallaud

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Unlocking Regional Innovation and Entrepreneurship

The Potential for Increasing Capacities

Edited by Iréne Bernhard, Urban Gråsjö and Charlie Karlsson

Illuminating and timely, this book explores several theoretical and empirical issues related to the potential for increasing capacities for innovation, knowledge and entrepreneurship. It highlights the current academic and political consensus that calls for policy interventions targeted towards more balanced, inclusive and regionally cohesive growth.
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Andrew Johnston and Robert Huggins

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Networks, SMEs, and the University

The Process of Collaboration and Open Innovation

Andrew Johnston and Robert Huggins

Exploring the process of university collaboration from the perspective of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), this book offers an in-depth examination of the collaboration process, dispelling the myth of the disengagement of these firms. Andrew Johnston and Robert Huggins present a thorough account of how SMEs can ‘unlock the ivory tower’ and gain access to university knowledge to support their own innovation.
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Andrew Johnston and Robert Huggins

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Quantitative Methods for Place-Based Innovation Policy

Measuring the Growth Potential of Regions

Edited by Roberta Capello, Alexander Kleibrink and Monika Matusiak

Place-based innovation policy design requires an in-depth understanding of territories and their complexity. Traditional statistics, with a lack of publicly available data at the disaggregated (sub-sectoral and regional) level, often do not provide adequate information. Therefore, new methods and approaches are required so that scientists and experts that can inform decision-makers and stakeholders in choosing priorities and directions for their innovation strategies. The book replies to such a need by offering advanced mapping methodologies for innovation policies with a special focus on approaches that take into account place-based policies.
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Diversity, Innovation and Clusters

Spatial Perspectives

Edited by Iréne Bernhard, Urban Gråsjö and Charlie Karlsson

Increased emphasis on the links between regional diversity and regional knowledge, innovation and entrepreneurship highlights the need for a focus on the spatial aspects of these multifaceted, dynamic relationships in order to improve our understanding. By means of a conceptual approach, this timely book illustrates the links between innovation and economic development through the role of space. This thought-provoking book addresses the questions regarding diversity, innovation and clusters that require further investigation and analysis.