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Allen J. Scott

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Edited by André Torre and Delphine Gallaud

This Handbook is a state-of-the-art analysis of proximity relations, offering insights into its history alongside up-to-date scientific advances and emerging questions. Its broad scope – from industrial and innovation approaches through to society issues of living and working at a distance, territorial development and environmental topics – will ensure an in-depth focus point for researchers in economics as well as geography, organizational studies, planning and sociology.
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John Aldo Lee, Cyril de Bodt, Ludovic Journaux and Lucile Sautot

Dimensionality reduction aims at representing high-dimensional data in a lower-dimensional representation, while preserving their structure (clusters, outliers, manifold). Dimensionality reduction can be used for exploratory data visualization, data compression, or as a preprocessing to some other analysis in order to alleviate the curse of dimensionality. Data structure is usually quantified with indicators, like covariance between variables, or pairwise proximity relationships, like scalar products, distances, similarities, or neighbourhoods. One objective of this chapter is to provide an overview of some classical and more recent methods of dimensionality reduction, to shed some light on them from the perspective of analyzing proximities, and to illustrate them with multivariate data that could be typically encountered in social sciences. Complementary aspects like quality assessment and alternative metrics are briefly developed.

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Edited by André Torre and Delphine Gallaud

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John R. Bryson

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John R. Bryson, Chloe Billing, William Graves and Godfrey Yeung

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Edited by John R. Bryson, Chloe Billing, William Graves and Godfrey Yeung

This timely Research Agenda provides a state-of-the-art review of existing research on manufacturing, as well as highlighting key areas of study to advance the field. Expert contributors from across the globe analyse the central role of manufacturing industries in the global economy, considering it as a multi-scalar process and assessing the impact of climate change in necessitating the decarbonization of production processes.
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Edited by Aura Reggiani, Laurie A. Schintler, Danny Czamanski and Roberto Patuelli

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Edited by Aura Reggiani, Laurie A. Schintler, Danny Czamanski and Roberto Patuelli

This ground-breaking Handbook presents a state-of-the-art exploration of entropy, complexity and spatial dynamics from fundamental theoretical, empirical and methodological perspectives. It considers how foundational theories can contribute to new advances, including novel modeling and empirical insights at different sectoral, spatial and temporal scales.
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Edited by Aura Reggiani, Laurie A. Schintler, Danny Czamanski and Roberto Patuelli