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Competition Law and Big Data

Imposing Access to Information in Digital Markets

Beata Mäihäniemi

In this timely book, Beata Mäihäniemi analyses and evaluates how the characteristics of information as a good, as well as the characteristics of digital platforms, affect the application of competition law in both theory and practice.
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EU State Aid Law

Emerging Trends at the National and EU Level

Edited by Pier L. Parcu, Giorgio Monti and Marco Botta

The recent State Aid Modernization has decentralized the enforcement of State aid law. In particular, under the General Block Exemption Regulation a number of aid schemes do not require the preventive “check” by the European Commission, while national courts play a growing role in private enforcement of State aid law. This insightful book analyzes the enforcement of State aid law in the aftermath of the State Aid Modernization, identifying a number of emerging trends at the national and EU level.
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Pier Luigi Parcu, Giorgio Monti and Marco Botta

Since the Treaty of Rome, Art. 107 TFEU has regulated how the Member States can grant aid either to private or State-owned undertakings. Aid measures incompatible with Art. 107(1) may only be authorized by the European Commission if they fulfill one of the conditions mentioned in Art. 107(2) and 107(3) TFEU. Although the wording of the Treaty has not changed significantly over the past 60 years, the goals of State aid policy have progressively shifted. Similar to other free trade agreements, the EU founding fathers included State aid rules in the Treaty of Rome in order to avoid a subsidies war among the Member States—a war that could have distorted free competition within the internal market. State aid rules were thus initially conceived as a complementary instrument to the free movement rules. In addition, State aid law was also complementary to competition policy, since the provisions concerning both policies were included in the same chapter of the Treaty, and were enforced by the same institution—that is, DG Competition of the European Commission.

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Edited by Pier L. Parcu, Giorgio Monti and Marco Botta

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Edited by Björn Lundqvist and Michal S. Gal

The digital economy is gradually gaining traction through a variety of recent technological developments, including the introduction of the Internet of things, artificial intelligence and markets for data. This innovative book contains contributions from leading competition law scholars who map out and investigate the anti-competitive effects that are developing in the digital economy.
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Edited by Björn Lundqvist and Michal S. Gal

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Edited by Björn Lundqvist and Michal S. Gal

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Edited by Björn Lundqvist and Michal S. Gal

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Andreas Heinzmann and Valerio Scollo

For those of us who were born in the 1970s and the 1980s, a geographic Europe without a European Economic Area is inconceivable. Our generation has been studying the acquis communautaire together with the constitutional law of the Member State where they attended university. Those who were born in the 1990s, who are entering the legal profession now, have received their pocket money and their first pay cheque in euros. Yet, the Brexit referendum in 2016 has shaken our common beliefs. Is the European Union (EU) a project European citizens need? Is it possible to maintain political stability, peace and prosperity without it? Brexit seemed to represent, at the time, the potential follow-up to Grexit and the forerunner to Italexit. After three years of self-destructive actions by the British government, the firm and united reaction of the rest of Europe has shown the world that the EU is here to stay. Until Brexit, the UK and the English practitioners were at the forefront in interpreting and making the EU financial regulations familiar to market participants. They were the point of reference. Today we still read the EU policies and laws on financial services through the lenses of English law and practice. Yet Brexit has started a process that will likely change the status quo. Brexit pushed and will push more and more practitioners in a post-Brexit EU to challenge themselves, and to find new paradigms.

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Edited by Federico Fabbrini and Marco Ventoruzzo

This comprehensive Research Handbook analyses and explains the EU’s complex system of economic governance from a legal point of view and looks ahead to the challenges it faces and how these can be resolved. Bringing together contributions from leading academics and top lawyers from EU institutions, this Research Handbook is the first to cover all aspects of the Eurozone’s legal ecosystem, and offers an up-to-date and in depth assessment of the norms and procedures that underpin the EU’s economic, monetary, banking, and capital markets unions.