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Learning from the Margins
Edited by Manuel González-López and Bjørn T. Asheim
Regions and the Future of Europe
Edited by Gabriele Abels and Jan Battke
Rob Atkinson and Karsten Zimmermann
Since the early 1990s the European Commission has launched several urban initiatives that were considered to be part of Cohesion policy. Initiatives such as URBAN I and URBAN II are widely accepted as successful urban programmes that helped cities to cope with challenges such as social exclusion and regeneration of deprived areas. The authors e argue that although the notion of Integrated Sustainable Urban Development is prominent in the current Cohesion policy programmes and a predefined share of each member state’s European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) funding must be invested in urban areas, the urban dimension has become somewhat blurred. It remains to be seen whether the new instruments that are thought to provide for better coordination of sectorial policy and more ‘focused urban spending’ are implemented by the member states.
Marcin Dąbrowski and Paolo R. Graziano
The aim of this chapter is threefold. First, it aims at taking stock of the different strands of research analysing European Union (EU) Cohesion policy through the lens of Europeanisation as an analytical tool. Second, it endeavours to offer a critical overview of what this body of research tells us about the substance of EU Cohesion policy, its influence and spillover effects on the domestic regional policies, administrative systems and governance patterns in various EU countries. Third, the chapter addresses the remaining gaps in our knowledge on Europeanisation in the field of regional policy and suggests avenues for future research on the topic.
Riccardo Crescenzi and Fabrizio De Filippis
This chapter looks at the relationships, conflicts and synergies between European Union Cohesion policy and rural development and agricultural policy of the European Union. The chapter analyses the genesis and evolution of these different areas of European policy in order to shed light on their evolutionary patterns, points of contact and reciprocal coordination (or lack thereof) with reference to territorial cohesion. The chapter suggests that relevant policy lessons for territorial cohesion can be learned from all these policies. Different approaches to policy design and implementation may need to co-exist in order to effectively earmark resources to boost economic development in less-developed regions.
Andrea Lenschow and Jörg Baudner
This chapter traces the evolution of the environmental dimension – operationalised as programmatic change, policy integration and environmental actor participation – in European Union (EU) Cohesion policy over time. While in the early years Cohesion policy was closely tied to an economic growth agenda without explicit consideration of environmental policy, the green dimension emerged in the late 1980s in order to support (costly) compliance with EU environmental policy in economically lagging regions and states. After a temporary dropping of the agenda in the early 2000s, the environmental dimension was revived in the context of the post-Lisbon strategy. The authors argue that the economic framing of environmental spending, as implied in the term ‘green economy’, and the special emphasis on climate change, created a window of opportunity for some policy and procedural reforms in the direction of environmental or climate policy integration in the latest generation of Cohesion policy. These reforms now have to stand the test of implementation.
J. Andres Faiña, Jesús López-Rodríguez and Paulino Montes-Solla
This chapter discusses infrastructural investment policy in the European Union (EU), both under the rubric of Cohesion policy and under that of EU transportation policy and, in particular, of investment in Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) infrastructure. Investment projects in transportation and public infrastructure (telecommunications, energy, water, sanitation, and so on) play an important role in European regional development policy, so much so that they have been mostly financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF). Unfortunately, there is no conventional wisdom regarding transport infrastructure and regional development, nor is there a clear theory to ascertain how much infrastructure helps a region’s development chances. The focus of this chapter is therefore on the main conceptual tools for designing and evaluating, usually on a region-by-region basis, the right mix of infrastructure and other development goals in the current state of regional development theory and policy in the EU.
Rocco L. Bubbico, Angel Catalina Rubianes, Eugenia Kazamaki Ottersten and Maria K. Sioliou
This chapter looks at the relationships between Cohesion Policy and the evolution of European Union (EU) economic governance and to the connections between Cohesion Policy and the European Investment Bank. In the crisis years Cohesion policy has been operating in a complex macroeconomic context that has limited its effectiveness. The reinforced EU economic governance in response to the crisis generated a considerable impact on the 2014_2020 policy reform, based on the idea that a healthy macroeconomic environment underpins sustainable regional development and convergence. In this context, the chapter looks at the increased relationships between Cohesion policy and the European Investment Bank, analysing the increased operational interlinkages between grants and financial instruments and the augmented consistency across the implemented instruments resulting from this integration