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Ahmed Alshumaimri, Taylor Aldridge and David B. Audretsch

This paper explains why and how a technology transfer revolution is taking place in Saudi Arabia to meet the mandate that Saudi Arabia become globally competitive as a knowledge-based innovative economy. The paper explains and identifies the new policies and institutions that have been introduced and developed to facilitate technology transfer and knowledge spillovers from the universities for commercialization and ultimately innovative activity and economic growth.

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David B. Audretsch, Erik E. Lehmann and Susanne Warning

This paper examines the impact of locational choice as a firm srategy to access knowledge spillovers from universities. Based on a large dataset of publicly listed, high-technolgy startup firms in Germany, we test the proposition that proximity to the university is shaped by different spillover mechanisms—research and human capital—and by different types of knowledge spillovers—natural scienes and social sciences.

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Bronwyn H. Hall, Albert N. Link and John T. Scott

Universities are a key institution in the U.S. innovation system, and an important aspect of their involvment is the role they play in public-private partnerships. This note offers insights into the performance of industry-university research partnerships, using a survey of precommercial research projects funded by the Advanced Technology Program.

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David B. Audretsch, Dennis P. Leyden and Albert N. Link

Partnerships between universities and industrial firms can play a key role in enhancing competitiveness because they provide a conduit for for the spillover of knowledge from the academic organization where knowledge is created to the firm when it is transformed into innovative activity. We set forth in this paper a model of industry/university participation, and we test the model empirically, using research project data on entrepreneurial firms that were funded through the US Deartment of Energy's Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program.

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Edited by David B. Audretsch and Albert N. Link

Entrepreneurial ecosystems have emerged as one of the most dynamic forces shaping the economic performance of individuals, companies and regions. This book brings together some of the leading scholarship and research identifying and analyzing the role of universities in entrepreneurial ecosystems. Particular emphasis is given on the role of innovation, startups, SMEs and technology transfer both in shaping the entrepreneurial ecosystem, as well as the resulting impact on firm performance and regional economic performance.
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Albert N. Link and John T. Scott

University research parks are important as a mechanism for the transfer of academics research findings, as a source of knowledge spillovers, and as a catalyst for national and regional economic growth. We develop a model to describe the growth, or productivity, of research parks, and we test this model using the newly constructed National Science Foundation database on university research parks.

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Albert N. Link and John T. Scott

The paper is an exploratory study of science parks in the United States. It models the history of science parks as the diffusion of an innovation that was adopted at a rapid and increasing rate in the early 1980s, and since then at a decreased rate.

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T. Taylor Aldridge, David Audretsch, Sameeksha Desai and Venkata Nadella

Knowledge generated in universities can serve as an important base for the commercialization of innovation. One mechanism for commercialization is the creation of a new company by a scientist. We shed light on this process by examining the role of scientist characteristics, access to resources and key university conditions in driving the likelihood of a scientist to start a company.

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Zoltan J. Acs, David B. Audretsch and Maryann P. Feldman

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Albert N. Link and John T. Scott

This paper presents findings from an analysis of the determinants of the formation of university spin-off companies within the university's research park. We find that university spin-off companies are a greater proportion in older parks and in parks that are associated with richer university research environments.