Ecological economics is a multidisciplinary scientific concept which emphasizes the interdependence of human and natural systems, with the environment providing the material base of economic activity. It offers a different perspective from mainstream environmental economics and provides instruments for addressing concrete problems or challenges relating to governing economic activity in a way that promotes human well-being, sustainability, and justice. Based on an approach of unique and far-reaching system thinking, it examines the economy's impact on our societies and, generally speaking, life on our planet. Proposing an alternative way to manage natural resources in a sustainable way, in local contexts, both ecological economics and the social and solidarity economy (SSE) are complementary, and their insights contribute to the development of a new theory and practice based on alternative cosmologies and systems of social construction.
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