Several factors make Norway well placed to develop an advanced
eco-social policy agenda. It is a small and affluent country with a
coordinated market economy and a comprehensive welfare state.
However, the Norwegian economy and welfare state are supported by
huge revenues from carbon-intensive oil and gas extraction and
exports. Due to a high share of renewables in the existing energy
mix, it is costly to cut emissions at home. These facts represent
potential obstacles to eco-social policy developments. Against this
background, the chapter assesses where Norway stands in the
development of a sustainable welfare state. A main finding is that
cross-sectoral coordination to implement Agenda 2030 has been weak.
Moreover, the political will to take issue with oil and gas
production combined with the aspiration of economic growth to
maintain the welfare state is at best uneven among the main actors
in Norwegian politics.