The chapter explores the origins of climate change adaptation as a research discipline and as an issue for public policy more broadly. The chapter seeks to articulate the linkages delineations between adaptation and other policy areas. For example, where does adaptation policy end and where does development and/or disaster risk management begin? Are there limitations associated with framing adaptation in the context of development? The chapter also assesses whether adaptation is occurring, and if so why, where and in what form (that is, differences between coping and adapting as well as between autonomous and planned adaptation).