This chapter focuses on the foreign policy dimensions of climate and
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outlines policy areas where the EU has spearheaded strategies
related to the geopolitical dimensions of climate action, but also
points to shortcomings in the EU’s conceptual framing of the climate
crisis and its strategic perspectives. The chapter then addresses
some key dynamics and tensions in the relationship between EU
climate and energy-security policies. It concludes by summarising
why comprehensive ecological policy-drivers still struggle to gain
traction in EU external policy relative to both standard
energy-security priorities and climate security. Weaknesses in the
EU’s approach are seen to derive in particular from a narrow
understanding of geo-economics, which over-rides the potential for
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