Chapter 9: Comparative analysis of the country case studies
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The chapter presents the main finding of the comparative analysis of the seventeen case studies carried out in six European countries (Italy, Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Spain) in order to analyse concrete experiences of industrial relations coping with digital and technological changes in the construction industry across different levels and territories. The analysis considers the work organization and socio-technical models, skills and professions, working conditions, work relations, industrial relations and social dialogue. Main findings underline some relevant challenges for the social dialogue introduced by the digitalization: a strict relation between social and technical aspects; the affirmation of lean production and network economy along the construction value chains; multiple consequences on professions, work organization and working conditions; the need for the trade unions and social partner to adopt a proactive role.

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