This chapter explores the different ways in which tobacco control and human rights are mutually reinforcing frameworks. Tobacco control has strong legal foundations in international law. International human rights systems provide promising avenues for monitoring implementation of human rights obligations related to tobacco control. This, in turn, contributes to developing standards that will ultimately help to interpret tobacco control norms in line with human rights. The FCTC and the guidelines provide a clear path for countries on measures aimed at reducing the devastating effects of tobacco consumption. The chapter further discusses how human rights law not only provides avenues for monitoring compliance with FCTC implementation, but also gives a broader grounding for tobacco control as a human rights issue. In turn, the FCTC gives content to human rights obligations, in particular those related to the right to health. Lastly, the chapter concludes with a discussion on the relevance of deepening and strengthening these connections to reduce inequities in society as we continue to make progress in tobacco control and implementation of the FCTC.