Chapter 16: Social dialogue and the future of work in the Adriatic region
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With the partial exception of Slovenia, industrial relations in the Adriatic region, which comprises Albania and the other ex-Yugoslav republics, are rather ineffective, thus confirming that little of the Federation’s legacy of contractual socialism and self-management has survived the post-socialist transformation. The social partners are often weak, having unresolved representativeness and independence issues. Tripartite social dialogue can be labelled as “illusory” and often is hijacked by powerful foreign interests. Collective bargaining guarantees minimum standards, but at the same time displays trends towards decentralization and imperfect implementation. As for the future of work initiative, formal social dialogue institutions debate problems that have long been on the policy agenda, especially those pertaining demographic change and globalization. This leaves crucial topics such as pervasive brain-drain or the role played by multinationals in domestic policymaking as well as more novel issues of digitalization and climate change to the individual efforts of the social partners.

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