This chapter examines developments in labour policies and programs in the United States, focusing primarily on recent decades. It summarizes the evolution of the U.S. Department of Labor's evaluation policies since the late 1960s, discussing U.S. employment and training programs - most recently the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) and the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) - and major evaluations of WIA, promising employment and training strategies, and large-scale demonstrations of employment and training programs for welfare recipients and other low-income populations. It reviews programs intended to reduce the costs of Unemployment Insurance (UI) and to increase employment and earnings for UI claimants. It briefly discusses performance measurement for employment and training programs. It also examines changing policies for regulating wages and hours by the U.S. Department of Labor in recent decades. It closes with conclusions and lessons learned, reflecting briefly on United Nations principles for effective governance.