Chapter 11: Systematic approaches to social protection
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This chapter adopts a pragmatic and technocratic view on systematic approaches to social protection, by regarding any collection of social protection tools installed in a country as a “system”. While most social protection instruments are seldom designed as parts of a systematic response, they generally all function as tools for managing livelihood risks for a defined scope of beneficiaries. The systematic analysis of social protection systems describes and analyses the elements of a country’s social protection system in a comprehensive way and reveals how effectively and efficiently this organisation functions. It draws attention to potential contradictions, inconsistencies, coverage gaps and coverage duplications across the components of the system. Four system frameworks – the hundred percent coverage system in eleven European countries, the social protection floor, the universal basic income, and the World Bank’s social safety net approach - illustrate these varying ideological and technocratic perspectives in the implementation of social protection initiatives.