Open access

This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License. It is free to read, download and share on Elgaronline.com. This ground-breaking book makes visible the global counter-movement for environmental justice, combining ecological economics and political ecology. Using 500 in-depth empirical analyses from the Atlas of Environmental Justice, Martínez-Alier analyses the commonalities shared by environmental defenders and offenders respectively.

350.org 238
Abalone Alliance 1989
Abarca, Mariano 79, 399, 416
Aboriginal people 502
abortion 385, 407, 661, 65, 677
Acción Ecológica 23, 223, 268, 321, 350, 364, 424, 621, 6979, 700, 711, 71516
Acklesberg, Martha 199
Acosta, Alberto 49, 364, 381, 396, 419, 603, 700
Action Aid 247, 698
Acumar (Matanza-Riachuelo Basin Authority) 3712
Acuña, Máxima 591
Adams, Bill 216, 232
Adani Enterprises 327, 335, 573, 587
Adivasi people 11, 87, 1557, 1656, 1713, 189, 21720, 233, 324, 327, 347, 488, 560, 5734, 579, 649, 685, 700
Advocates for Environmental Human Rights (USA) 541
Afghanistan, Mes Aynak 598
Africa Institute for Energy Governance 615
Africa Resources Working Group 577
African Charter of Human and Peoples Rights 577
African Fishing Company 247
African Union 617
Afro-American people 18, 89, 223, 357, 415, 487
Afro-Colombian people 356, 380
Agarwal, Anil (ecologist, founder of the CSE) 315, 479, 681, 698
Agarwal, Anil (Vedanta Group) 181
Agarwal, Bina 89
Aghirinman (Niger) 209
Agip 268, 282, 294, 61819
agrarian
justice 81, 100, 103, 426
movements 485, 561, 573, 680, 694
question 471
agriculture 2, 6, 34, 7089, 90, 98, 101, 119, 177, 184, 238, 2489, 26062, 266, 276, 28890, 297, 318, 325, 335, 3525, 388, 395, 416, 4256, 44041, 450, 47071, 475, 485, 4923, 535, 538, 563, 577, 628, 6745, 6868, 698
industrial 61, 345, 426, 470, 498, 548, 686
ministry 41, 84, 114, 277, 375, 401, 481, 565
Agro EcoEnergy 2456
agroforestry 256, 275
Águas de Casa Branca (Brazil) 422
Ainu people 378
Aki, Shozo 389
Alamos Gold company 41417
Alcan 1557, 165
Alenquer, Aluísio Sampaio 439
Algeria 203, 450, 46061, 466
Ain Salah 460, 618
Alien Tort Claims Act (USA) 534, 614, 622, 6256, 631
All India Kabaddi Mazdoor Mahasangh 466
Alliance Voahary Gasy 261
Almeida Nascimento, Paulo Sérgio 640
Almendares, Juan, Dr 383, 407
Altri group 609
aluminium 6, 149, 150, 1557, 253, 2589, 266, 28593, 333, 394, 435, 608, 640, 656
Alyansa Tigil Mina (Philippines) 51, 56
Amadiba Crisis Committee 308, 311
AMAN (Indigenous Peoples Alliance of Indonesia) 5723, 580
Amazon 834, 3624, 43446, 48081, 548, 62028, 635, 647, 684
Bolivia 338, 366, 619
Brazil 83, 90, 367, 419, 434, 437, 4426, 495, 566, 584, 599
Ecuador 35052, 362, 364, 635, 710
Guyana 428
Peru 361, 379, 481, 566
Ambedkar, B.R. 487, 504, 574, 651
American Petroleum Institute 624
Amin, Samir 598
Amis de la Terre (FoE France) 260
Amnesty International 81, 294, 412, 453
Amu Power Company 238
Ananayo, Cheryl 51, 668
Anandhi S. 6712
Anantha, Latha 171, 188
anarchism 19, 21, 199, 450, 4678, 484, 505, 526, 554, 662, 66471, 674, 677
Ancestral Land/Domain Watch 54, 60
Andaman sea 226, 614
Anglo American company 140, 422, 458, 608
Anglo Gold Ashanti Corporation 7072, 2867, 3545, 608
anthropology 21, 2267, 357, 372, 485, 510, 56061, 579, 603, 685, 716
Apache people 501
Apiaká people 495
Apollo Minerals company 530
Appiko movement 167, 701
Apus (spirit of the mountain) 489
aquaculture 73, 77, 93, 120, 132, 156, 164, 167, 247, 249
aquifer 80, 425, 526, 527, 538, 618, 637
Aquino, Corazon 63
Aracruz Celulose S.A. 432, 478
Arana, Marco 360
Arauz, Rándall 230
Arctic 6, 13251, 216, 381, 394, 463, 504, 548, 560, 586, 5923, 61113, 684
Areva 106, 122, 2079, 2846, 632
Argentina 17, 155, 21012, 286, 3367, 346, 350, 37081, 450, 475, 566, 601, 6326, 661, 679, 6946, 704, 707
Buenos Aires 3714, 377, 635, 670
Riachuelo 3712
Catamarca 379
Andangalá 379
Bajo La Alumbrera 379
Cordoba 374, 475, 516, 704
Famatina 211, 378
Gualeguaychú 211, 3723
La Rioja 3778
Patagonia 337, 370, 565, 684
Chubut 21011, 3767, 695, 707
Esquel 211, 3767, 380, 5656, 679, 696
Gastre 21013, 370
Neuquén 3367, 566
Loncopué 566
Vaca Muerta 3367, 370
Río Negro 336, 377
Argentinian General Company of Combustibles 365
Arias, Oscar 386
Armiero, Marco 293, 680
Arrhenius, Svante 45, 318, 364
Arrighi, Giovanni 14, 598
Arrojo, Pedro 531
arsenic 3037, 46, 147, 367, 386, 3937, 413, 454, 4634, 524, 539, 586, 656
Articulação Antinuclear Brasileira 433, 445
Articulação Internacional dos Atingidos e Atingidas pela Vale (Brazil) 422
Arzaga, Ruben 60
asambleas autoconvocadas (self-convened assembly, Argentina) 371, 3757, 694
asbestos 5, 8, 4323, 445450, 45960, 467, 509, 518, 5223, 531, 627, 632, 656
Asháninka people 87, 446, 561, 5668
ashes 37, 40, 62, 106, 179, 1812, 195
ASOCAB 356
Asociación de Afectados por el Amianto en Cerdanyola y Ripollet (Spain) 523
Asociación de Vecinos de Morata de Tajuña (Spain) 517
Asociación por la Defensa de la Ría de Pontevedra 512
Assembly of the Poor 75
assets, stranded 134, 313
Associação das Vítimas de Poluição, Cubatão (Brazil) 444
Associação dos Caboclos, Indígenas e Quilombolas da Amazônia 640
Association for Women's Rights in Development 68
Association of asbestos victims of Catalonia 522
ASUD 23, 295
Atlantic Empress oil tanker 114, 585
atmosphere 35, 16, 66, 106, 202, 215, 31518, 347, 364, 467, 484, 518, 601, 687, 688, 6957
Auerbach, Felix 659, 688
Australia 20, 49, 179, 202, 2589, 2868, 310, 335, 356, 5013, 509, 526, 530, 560, 575, 586, 6467, 678, 716
Pilbara 501
Juukan gorge 5023
Auyero, Javier 372
AVICCA (Brazil) 498
Avila, Sofia 23, 99, 136, 239, 345, 398, 403, 481, 484
Ávila Vázquez, Medardo 6356
Ayres, Robert 10, 106, 600, 685, 689
babassu 4267, 446
Babu, Fathima 180, 188
Bagyeli people 5756, 609
Bai, Daya 174, 188
Bail, Jorge Luis 516
Bakola Pygmy people 280
Baldenegro, Isidro 81, 41112, 416
Bambamarca Defence Front (Peru) 590
bananas 9, 475, 570, 584, 621, 626, 634, 692, 705
bandh (strike) 180, 188, 651
Bandung movement 287
Banerjee, S.B. 224, 605, 657, 679
Bangladesh 89, 347, 356, 468, 671, 716
Phulbari 734, 330
Rampal power plant 74, 330
Banjima people 5012
Bantu people 609
Baquedano, Manuel 367
Barbados declaration 561
Barca, Stefania 45052, 457, 468, 680
Barents Sea 133
Barlow, Maud 699
Barrick Gold Corporation 378, 4912
Barrios, Cristobal 565
Barua, Joi 649
Base Resources 240, 311
Basel Action Network 700
Basel Convention 269, 369, 370, 700
Bassey, Nnimmo 14, 23, 268, 321
Bataille, Georges 317
Batani Foundation (Russia) 593
battery 117, 138, 204, 24041, 409, 450, 5289, 592, 635, 6445
Baun Aleta (Mama Aleta) 571
Bautista, Clemente 612
bauxite 68, 149, 1559, 188, 28594, 304, 333, 3945, 447, 495, 584, 600, 608, 640, 705
Baviskar, Amita 189
Bayer 92, 278, 374, 635
Monsanto
Bear Creek Mining Company 85
bears 216, 328, 563
Beatrice Foods company 539
Beck, Ulrich 16, 681
bees 37, 400401, 416, 432, 680
Belarus 1913, 205
Belgium 193, 197, 229, 276, 319, 597, 614, 668
Doel, Tihange 194
Belize 335
Bell, Karen 450
Bellona 140, 151, 212
Belt and Road initiative 106, 12730, 689
Bene, Daniela del 7, 23, 153, 295, 483, 696
Benin 268, 276, 293
Benjamin, Walter 317
Berenschot, Ward 608
Bergegren, Hinke 664
Beristain, Carlos 623, 628
Berkeley Resources company 514
Berta, Luigi 66870
Besant, Annie 181, 664, 671
Bharat Aluminium Company 156
Bhatt, Chandri Prasad 480
BHP Billiton 259, 353, 42022, 501
Big Green organizations 316, 550, 557
BINGOs 253, 259, 261, 266
Binnizá people 403
biodiversity 59, 4041, 47, 523, 133, 141, 164, 183, 25766, 27482, 291, 30810, 320, 327, 339, 3457, 358, 364, 39094, 401, 471, 509, 528, 561, 567, 581, 5926, 619, 6235, 64751, 65961, 674, 6834, 6959
conservation 279, 47, 133, 21333, 23542, 23542, 266, 276, 291, 300302, 41617, 494, 504, 512, 6278
hotspot 171, 225, 235, 308, 647
loss of 79, 16, 60, 21516, 226, 246, 2546, 282, 293, 310, 320, 345, 401, 405, 485, 567, 588, 593, 656, 6745, 684, 688, 691, 717
marine 93, 188, 358
biofuel 6, 215, 231, 236, 2469, 262, 266, 2756, 293, 297, 314, 380, 471, 480, 483, 675, 688, 698, 705
biomass 1, 7, 128, 138, 153, 1657, 215, 237, 24757, 262, 277, 2937, 325, 338, 345, 37074, 380, 41619, 4834, 503, 512, 5312, 5845, 601, 635, 673, 679, 684, 696
biopiracy 11, 698, 710
BioShape company 247
Biosphere Reserve 59, 70, 275, 366, 393, 620
BIPOC (Black, Indigenous, and People of Color) 18, 5345, 549, 5567
birds 33, 52, 8099, 14041, 195, 222, 2278, 2335, 2423, 276, 328, 360, 4038, 428, 454, 48082, 505, 514, 5248, 557, 563, 570, 576, 599601, 642, 6479, 6856, 704
migratory 4041, 145, 289, 300, 302, 305, 360, 408, 411, 482, 638
Birla group 1557, 165, 176, 479, 5878
birth control 6615, 6716
bishops 54, 254, 378, 393, 491, 500
Bisht, Arpita 23, 153, 296, 310
Bla’an people 556
black flags 176, 181, 188
Blackfire company 79, 399400
Blaikie, Piers 132, 485, 661
Blanco, Hugo 681, 698
blockade 23, 4751, 578, 7580, 85, 95, 156, 165, 172, 180, 1868, 198, 238, 31319, 3367, 3667, 3759, 4025, 412, 431, 441, 461, 485, 555, 572, 598, 621
Blockadia 7, 119, 31348, 425, 546, 557, 701
blue justice 188, 703
Bodo people 2823, 295
Boelens, Rutgerd 699
Boff, Leonardo 505, 681
Boliden company 369, 5245, 531
Bolin, Bert 5
Bolivia 815, 316, 33740, 350, 3657, 380, 416, 440, 611, 61920, 700
Amayapampa mine 3656
Cochabamba 3389, 366, 714
Madidi National Park 3667, 620
Pilón Lajas 366, 61920
Potosi 497, 585, 600
Takovo Mora 366
Tariquía reserve 3389
Bolloré, Vincent 272, 60910
Bolshoi Arkticheskiy 143
Bombay Natural History Society 208
Bond, Patrick 256
Bonfil Batalla, Guillermo 561
Bontempi, Antonio 608
Boonrat, Pranee 75, 89
Borgstrom, Georg 360
Boserup, Ester 675
Botswana, Okavango delta 3424
bottom-up approach 108, 132, 271, 31428, 344, 635, 6613, 676, 682, 707, 710
Boussingault, Jean-Baptiste 686
boycott 323, 102, 121, 193, 202, 4612, 480, 5356, 605, 693
Brahmaputra river 220, 648
Brailovsky, Elio 371
Brainforest (Gabon) 2834
Braudel, Fernand 603
Brazil 659, 8991, 165, 212, 258, 286, 350, 35681, 41947, 468, 481, 487, 4957, 5057, 523, 541, 560, 5814, 5939, 601, 6212, 658, 677, 6814, 692, 6989, 7035, 710
Acre 11, 82, 424, 44042, 476, 5667, 599
Capixaba 44041, 446
Rio Amônia 5678
Seringal Capatará 440
Serra do Divisor National Park 568
Xapuri 44042
Bahia 432, 449, 496, 642
Acupe, Bahian Recôncavo 4968
Espírito Santo 82, 432, 478
Goiás 449
Jirau dam 812
Madeira river 812, 367
Marabá 83
Maranhão 4268, 446
Mato Grosso 434, 4379, 446, 495
Minas Gerais 42023, 4469, 497, 609, 6412
Apollo iron mine 423
Belo Horizonte 4223, 446, 641
Brumadinho 42023, 432, 4469, 609, 641
Gandarela mountain 423
Samarco iron mine 42022
Sarzedo 6412
Pará 824, 4268, 43540, 4467, 481, 679
Barcarena 435, 447, 640
Belo Monte power plant 434
Hydro Alunorte refinery 640
Novo Progresso 4379, 447
Tucuruí dam 4357, 640
Pitinga mining 430
Porto Velho 812
Rio de Janeiro 5, 268, 318, 4323, 446, 460, 711, 715
Rio Doce 42022
Rio Grande do Sul 4246, 446, 478
Caçapava do Sul 4246
Camaquã river 424
Guaíba mine 4246
Lavras do Sul 424
Porto Alegre 4246, 446
Roraima 42830, 446
São Félix do Amianto mine 4323
São Paulo 389, 419, 432, 437, 4436, 6412
Cubatão 4436, 641
Tapajós river 4348, 446, 495, 705
São Luiz do Tapajós dam 4345, 496
São Manoel dam 4956
Tocantins 4267, 435
Transamazon highway 436
Brazilian Association of People Exposed to Asbestos (ABREA) 4323, 445
Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources 4335, 439, 496
breeder reactor 43, 187, 1957, 211
Breilh, Jaime 624
Brink, T.C. 624
British Petroleum company 316, 364, 547, 548, 621, 626
Broad, Robin 65
Brockovich, Erin 538
Brookfield, Harold 132, 485, 661
Brower, David 198
Brown, Jerry 199
Brown, Phil 697, 705
Brundtland report 21, 446
Brunhes, Jean 9
Buba, Ibrahim, judge 626
Buddhism 25, 37, 423, 124, 221, 233, 48790, 5045, 704
monks 25, 124, 221, 489
Buenavista del Cobre company 41314
Buján, Silvana 211
Bulffi, Luis 66670
Bulgaria 1912, 208, 210
bulk commodities 150, 240, 24951, 296, 428, 460, 583603, 678
Bullard, Robert 17, 419, 534, 681, 697
Bulu people 575
Bunker, Steve 165, 342, 584, 5989, 691
burial grounds 57, 65, 547, 565, 580
Burkina Faso 2778, 2935, 705
Burma Rivers Network 576
Büscher, Bram 145, 216, 233
Cabal, Margarito 61
Cacao del Peru Norte company 481
Cáceres, Berta 23, 689, 778, 89, 400, 416, 4824, 529, 657, 681, 692
CACTUS (Centro de Apoyo Comunitario Trabajando Unidos, Brazil) 78, 433
cadmium 345, 46, 241, 454, 4756, 498, 524
CAFOs (Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations) 114, 230, 47074, 485, 507, 557, 679, 680
Caldeira, Ken 316
Calderón, Felipe 405
Cameco Corporation 636
Cameroon 268, 27883, 2935, 478, 560, 5756, 5967, 60910
Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament 212
Campanur Tapia, Lupita 8081, 89
Campesinos Ecologistas de la Sierra de Petatlán y Coyuca de Catalán 79
Campos, Elmer 589
Canada 86, 132, 14457, 209, 264, 310, 31617, 34045, 364, 380, 385, 399400, 41415, 451, 4637, 4912, 5456, 563, 622, 6369, 701, 705, 716
British Columbia 341, 500, 638
Mackenzie valley 1457, 586
Ontario 390
Yellowknife 147, 463, 586
Canadian transnational Vista Gold 365
cancer villages 108, 116
Candente Copper Corp. 565
candomblé (afro-brasilian rites) 496
capabilities 89, 269, 552
Capion, Juvy 56, 66
Capitan, Gloria 639, 8990, 657, 681, 696, 708
Carboandes company 70
carbon credits 25360, 66, 314, 484, 499
carbon dioxide emissions 210, 445, 65, 95, 106, 1258, 179, 215, 25460, 266, 293, 31328, 333, 34047, 3647, 476, 480, 518, 535, 550, 601, 605, 621, 627, 643, 65361, 6815, 6889, 6979, 712
carbon offsets 477, 484
Cárdenas, Lázaro 416
Caribbean 114, 153, 350, 383417, 429, 475, 4968, 585, 692
caribou 132, 1457, 150, 587
Cariño, Betty 789, 89, 416
Carlsson, Chris 700
Carrasco, Andrés 374, 6335
Carrera, Silvia 388
Carrere, Ricardo 23, 276, 477, 489, 681, 699, 704
carrying capacity 660, 673
Carson, Rachel 317, 467, 475, 535, 680, 704
Carter, Jimmy 201
Cartier de Marchienne, Louis de 460
Casanto, Estela 879, 566
cashew plantation 173, 291, 475, 634
cassiterite 431
Castro, Gustavo 77, 400, 406, 483
catholicism 54, 83, 168, 197, 427, 445, 487, 491500, 571, 590, 66670, 676
cattle 8082, 125, 178, 197, 235, 262, 299, 370, 374, 391, 403, 412, 419, 42027, 430, 43742, 4467, 457, 4714, 4812, 498
Cavanagh, John 65
C-Condem 357
Celendin Inter Institutional Platform (Peru) 590
cellulose 370, 373, 380, 509, 531, 600, 607, 643, 710
Celulosa Arauco S.A. 370
Celulose do Tejo S.A. 609
cement 7, 40, 181, 296, 311, 396, 40910, 416, 45960, 509, 51617, 52023, 531, 584, 600, 645, 6536, 717
Cemex 3967, 409, 516
Censat Aguaviva 35053, 6934, 699, 704, 715
Center for Documentation and Information Bolivia 366, 620
Central de Comunidades Nativas de la Selva Central (Peru) 567
Central Única dos Trabalhadores (Brazil) 440
Centre for Environmental Justice (Sri Lanka) 476, 485
Centro de Acción Legal, Ambiental y Social de Guatemala 76
Centro Humboldt 394
CERCLA/Superfund 397, 53440, 552, 5567, 621, 6245
Cereceda Huisa, Quintino 361
Césaire, Aimé 692
Cetinkaya, Yakup 23
Chad 27880, 2935
Chan, Robert 55, 6061
Charbonneau, Bernard 684
Charbonnier, Pierre 3, 684
Chávez, César 535
Chavis, Benjamin 537, 697
Chayanov, Alexander 471
Chayeron, Bruno 20810, 6323
chemical weapons 397, 6512, 656
chemicals 16, 36, 55, 60, 254, 274, 374, 427, 536, 549, 557, 572, 704
toxic 38, 270, 370, 397, 53941
Chen, Xing 112
Chenchus people 649, 650, 651
Cherán people 8081
Cherres, Felicita 849
Chevron Texaco 268, 2934, 31921, 3367, 458, 534, 54850, 557, 60837, 710
Chhattisgarh Bachao Andolan 327
children 45, 62, 70, 75, 90, 11522, 1279, 134, 169, 239, 271, 277, 290, 303, 317, 358, 368, 375, 38994, 411, 428, 445, 474, 4926, 501, 525, 57072, 593, 634, 64049, 66272, 677, 704
sick 323, 11618, 130, 17480, 200, 251, 274, 36872, 454, 492, 498, 513, 53549, 621, 635, 64046
Chile 25, 76, 89, 302, 311, 350, 35960, 36770, 380, 526, 531, 600, 686, 6967, 701
Antofagasta 3679
Arica 369
Putú wetlands 302
Chilika Bachao Andolan 164
China 223, 30, 46, 53, 59, 10631, 148, 191, 22133, 23841, 2515, 26061, 269, 28395, 301, 31113, 32935, 352, 3614, 38081, 394, 451, 458, 48891, 507, 518, 534, 557, 5746, 584, 5946, 602, 647, 6728, 68496, 7016, 716
Chengdu 11112, 706
Fujian 111, 118, 635, 6446, 657
Gaoling 1212
Guangdong 98, 118, 2057, 704, 712
Daya Bay nuclear power plant 205, 206, 207
Taishan nuclear power plant 2057
Gulei 11112
Hainan island 11920
Henan 11213, 330
Banqiao dam 11213, 129
Zhanggou village 33031
Hendgong 116
Huai river 11213, 228
Hunan 116
Inner Mongolia 114, 471
Jiangsu 11722, 205, 644, 704
Nantong 12021
Nanjing 120
Pubugou dam 112
Qidong 120
Qinling–Huaihe line 228
Shanghai 106, 111, 11820, 490, 706
Sichuan 112, 49091
Three Gorges dam 112, 495
Xi’an 121
Xinjiang 118, 205
Lop Nor desert 205
Yangtze river 112, 12021, 226
Yunnan 25, 22433, 576
Jinsha river 2257, 233
Nujiang river 2246, 233
Tiger Leaping Gorge 227, 233
Zhangzhou 11112, 706
Zijin 11819, 345, 635, 644
China Development Bank 127
China Minmetals Corp 361
China National Nuclear Corporation 122, 209
China National Offshore Oil Corporation 612, 615, 638
China National Petroleum Corporation 255, 61213, 619
China Power Investment Corporation 576
China Rivers Network 225
Chinafrique 265, 284
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor 125
Chinese companies 578, 66, 78, 108, 125, 23941, 245, 263, 284, 309, 333, 362, 367, 4545, 5767
Chinese investments 107, 125, 239, 251, 331, 416, 454, 598
Chipko movement 11, 89, 153, 163, 167, 476, 480, 557, 680, 701
chlorine 34, 144, 396, 478, 512
Choque, Maria 84
Chota, Edwin 568
Christianity 207, 210, 398, 4878, 497, 500, 5035, 540, 662, 6978
chromium- 6, 55, 538
Chukaew, Montha 75, 89
Cimatu, Roy 60, 571
Cimpor company 51617, 531
Cinta Larga people 442
circular economy 2, 11, 1068, 130, 313, 684
circularity rift see entropy hole
CITES 52, 230
citizens 3, 1416, 138, 1814, 233, 248, 258, 276, 2825, 302, 313, 345, 4679, 505, 610, 6334, 652, 661, 679, 6835, 692, 696
East Asia 268, 3840, 45, 97, 1024, 112, 11823, 1289, 3223
Europe 189, 231, 317, 4579, 510, 521, 528, 531, 653
Latin America 65, 354, 3713, 378, 397, 409, 415, 433, 4435, 460, 481, 485, 566, 621, 641, 671
North America 144, 474, 538, 544, 5478, 551, 554, 6378
civil rights movement 17, 5347, 546, 690, 693, 697
claims
land 146, 308, 479, 572, 702
legal 28, 45, 1334, 272, 290, 369, 492, 580
Clark, Henry 549
class struggle 345, 463, 6836, 689
Clausius, Rudolf 6867
Clean Development Mechanism 77, 253, 256, 4834, 499, 714
climate change 38, 1521, 77, 90, 119, 12638, 1436, 150, 175, 21216, 222, 268, 288, 304, 310, 3889, 449, 468, 473, 4825, 493, 499, 50912, 547, 61112, 620, 632, 6478, 674, 700701, 717
debt 256, 31516, 321, 709, 711
justice 22, 65, 69, 31347, 485, 607, 691, 698, 705, 71215
carbon dioxide emissions
Cline, William R. 316
CO2lonialism 701
coal 36, 26, 61, 6874, 8690, 104, 12430, 135, 182, 190, 211, 24959, 266, 294, 309, 31733, 3425, 3534, 38081, 426, 447, 4812, 509, 540, 560, 574, 58085, 600612, 619, 6427, 656, 673, 679, 683, 6879, 696, 7012, 718
anthracite 143, 150, 328
coal fired power plant 449, 86, 95, 1036, 11920, 12730, 157, 179, 181, 188, 2389, 258, 313, 3223, 3478, 483, 546, 550, 557, 569, 656, 679
dust 2930, 314, 335
lignite 125, 319, 324, 365, 701
mine 8, 30, 467, 73, 8991, 106, 114, 128, 1312, 143, 188, 258, 31835, 34652, 364, 425, 44950, 455, 467, 57073, 57982, 6489, 655, 681, 688, 699
Coastal Regulation Zone (India) 181, 188, 224
cobalt 7, 54, 134, 1378, 144, 229, 2646, 314, 45051, 466, 607
Coca-Cola 1723, 4613
cocoa 178, 287, 481, 576
cod 133
coercive environmentalism 1289
Cofán people 623, 629
COFCO company 11415, 471
coffee 72, 391, 446, 57071, 580, 600
cold fusion 10
Colectivo Madre Selva (Honduras) 76, 390
Collectif pour la défense des terres malgaches (Madagascar) 264
collective walks (protests, China) 111, 129
Collío, Rubén 756
Collombat, Benoît 610
Colombia 2, 19, 68, 89, 272, 286, 35059, 364, 379, 38081, 388, 461, 462, 475, 541, 566, 569, 5934, 599, 633, 680, 6934, 699, 704, 715
Almaguer 6972
Cajamarca 3545
El Cesar 353
Guanía 593
La Colosa gold mine 3545, 566
La Guajira 353, 569
Las Pavas 356
Macizo Colombiano 6972
Páramo del Almorzadero 3534
Piedras 3545
colonialism 2, 253, 287, 315, 484, 584, 647, 659, 700
anti-colonialism 7, 212, 188, 208, 253, 267, 287, 468, 497, 560, 579, 663, 680, 6924
internal 137, 15053, 165, 41617, 584, 601, 655, 684
coloniality 86, 90, 97, 150, 286, 389, 419, 446, 468, 534, 560, 581, 584, 632, 657, 684, 692
colonisation 78, 132, 4379, 503, 560, 5969, 684
Colorado river delta 399
coltan 314, 430, 583, 5934, 601
Comisiones Obreras (Spain) 523
Comissão Pastoral da Terra 834, 433, 436, 445, 495, 642
Comitato Donne per Taranto (Italy) 456
commensuration 10, 108, 297
Commission for Human Rights of the Philippines 51
Committee for the Struggle against Co-incineration (Portugal) 516
commodities 811, 25, 65, 90, 103, 108, 24851, 266, 296, 380, 484, 507, 510, 53235, 557, 57981, 5848, 598608, 630, 643, 656, 67882, 686, 709
commodity chain 23, 179, 480
commodity extraction frontiers 12, 68, 17, 21, 60, 70, 106, 13251, 236, 253, 257, 266, 294, 311, 3278, 339, 3456, 412, 420, 42930, 484, 504, 553, 560, 571, 579, 5813, 678, 684, 691
commons 20, 358, 416, 484, 714
defence of 73, 167, 231, 338, 419, 488
dispossession 426, 680, 710
communism 616, 571, 652, 6634, 689
communist party 63, 111, 122, 1289, 159, 185, 195, 403, 468, 575, 652, 664
Community Land of Origin 366, 620
company towns 148, 44956, 523, 611
compensation 710, 57, 204, 216, 321, 325, 366, 372, 3869, 4023, 41314, 4317, 444, 486, 490, 523, 5257, 5759, 598, 605, 61415, 630, 683, 712
Africa 210, 242, 24751, 254, 274, 277, 28089, 294301
East Asia 2741, 467, 95, 98, 10311, 116, 125, 12930, 227, 331
Europe 136, 192, 203, 311, 31820
Latin America 452, 462, 476, 496, 61929
North America 340, 464, 534, 538, 547, 5512, 557
South Asia 157, 16062, 1734, 18084, 21821, 573, 588
CONACAMI (Peru) 380, 565
CONAIE (Ecuador) 352, 363, 380
Conde, Marta 208, 632
Confederación Mapuche de Neuquén 337
Confédération Paysanne (French Via Campesina) 472
Conga No Va movement (Peru) 590
conservationist organisations 92, 227, 233, 253, 25961, 266
conservationists 41, 87, 103, 170, 21617, 224, 227, 23037, 2423, 276, 300302, 311, 334, 344, 465, 482, 587, 651
contraception 6645, 672, 6767
convivial biodiversity conservation 61, 77, 21517, 221, 227, 23033, 242, 260, 266
Coordinadora de la comunidad negra creole indígena de Bluefields (Nicaragua) 394
copper 8, 217, 4655, 70, 89, 11819, 125, 1328, 144, 150, 17981, 188, 229, 2489, 269, 294, 314, 36171, 37988, 41214, 424, 489503, 52534, 556, 56065, 579, 5859, 598601, 6434, 6556
mining and smelting 247, 46, 51, 11819, 1345, 18081, 188, 3613, 379, 383, 412, 45054, 499, 501, 526, 56061, 644, 67990, 696, 705
COPs 35, 31517, 683, 711
Coral Bay Nickel Corp 54
coral reefs 175, 388, 494
Cordero, Adolfo 50910
Cordisons International 239
Corporate Human Rights Benchmark 423, 629
corporate social irresponsibility 143, 188, 369, 432, 444, 503, 526, 562, 577, 6089, 63031, 717
corporate social responsibility 605, 60812, 62930, 657, 700
corporate violence 608, 630
corporations
accountability 608, 629, 700
transnational 18, 556, 66, 238, 387, 434, 4623, 605, 611, 657, 682
CorpWatch 317, 698, 712
Correa, Rafael 316, 362, 364
Costa Rica 23033, 626
Crucitas 3857, 416
cost-shifting 8, 39, 183, 269, 294, 464, 526, 605, 608, 630, 683
cotton 2778, 2935, 375, 475, 497, 579, 599600, 603, 635, 691, 705
Cottrell, Fred 687
counter-insurgency 61, 630
court cases 8, 3244, 75, 13036, 173, 185, 209, 220, 2369, 282, 308, 315, 322, 334, 374, 391, 412, 422, 441, 516, 605, 610, 619, 62132, 640, 6535, 664, 677
courts of justice 23, 37, 646, 103, 111, 129, 170, 176, 182, 195, 204, 390, 394, 404, 416, 458, 463, 523, 534, 557, 563, 614, 621, 631
Covid 175, 454, 4645, 566, 648
Crenshaw, Kimberlé 15, 692
CRIIRAD 2089, 248, 632
criminalization of activists 78, 376, 404, 437, 462, 483, 608, 621, 679
critical mass cycling protests 5534, 700
Cruz Velazquez, Bettina 404
CSE (Centre for Science and Environment, India) 174, 681, 715
Cuadrilla Resources company 654
Cuba 3956, 671
Cuenca, Lucio 367
cult of wilderness 26, 29, 103, 153, 169, 216, 232, 266, 467, 482, 694
Cultural Survival 38, 494
cyanide 287, 337, 355, 377, 3836, 393, 4078, 41415, 4289, 500, 589, 5912, 634
Daewoo company 2612
Dalit people 86, 1556, 189, 487, 504
Daly, Herman 2, 535, 600, 659
dam
anti-dam movements 681, 699, 704
damn the dams 62, 696, 705, 714
hydropower
Danyan, Datu Victor 571
Danyan, Marivic 571
Darwin, Charles 686
Das, Achyut 166
Das, Samarendra 155
De Echave, José 589
De los Santos, Nicanor 62
De Vos, Jan 398
decontamination 183, 444, 525, 552
Deepwater Horizon oil spill 547
deers 80, 170, 218, 563
deforestation 14, 59, 6065, 77, 824, 89, 128, 216, 237, 25960, 26877, 294, 313, 337, 356, 374, 395, 401, 41216, 4278, 43642, 447, 470, 48081, 493, 504, 567, 596, 601, 628, 681, 6968
degrowth and post-growth 13, 7, 20, 447, 268, 31321, 347, 38081, 579, 65762, 689, 694, 717
degrowth in practice 1, 20, 268, 318, 321, 347, 380, 381, 579, 657, 659, 717
Delap, Lucy 22, 65961, 666, 67980
Deleuze, Olivier 194, 693
Delgado, Gian Carlo 398
Della Porta, Donatella 15, 693
Demaria, Federico 7, 19, 23, 63, 4646, 659, 683
dematerialization 16, 89, 394, 601
democracy 2, 1921, 96, 166, 30810, 3457, 380, 385, 566, 657, 694
Democratic Republic of the Congo 138, 22933, 276, 355, 45051, 593, 599, 660, 717
demonstrations 15, 23, 636, 84, 156, 176, 1868, 20912, 313, 494, 554, 690, 696, 702, 706, 710
Africa 254, 258, 264, 274, 277, 301, 618
East Asia 32, 40, 90, 96, 98, 100102, 112, 11922, 129
Europe 723, 1967, 456, 459, 51214, 517, 521, 525, 529
Latin America 76, 354, 378, 393, 397, 400, 403, 4367, 442, 466, 479, 589, 641
South Asia 74, 217, 221, 325, 330, 476, 489
Dene people 147, 4634, 586
Deniau, Yannick 23, 398
Department of Environment and Natural Resources (Philippines) 51, 55, 5961, 571
Descola, Philippe 685
desecration 272, 501
dharna (sit-in protest) 160, 165, 180, 188, 325, 651
diamonds 2934, 303, 4423, 447, 5838, 600601
Díaz, Ricardo 367
dictatorship 63, 211, 294, 311, 510, 640
Didipio Earthsaver's Association 51
dioxin 34, 389, 121, 128, 396, 457, 465, 517, 536, 540, 656
direct action 26, 39, 47, 66, 12021, 172, 319, 335, 485, 511, 555, 566, 631, 701
disinvestment 313, 605, 608, 631
displacement 75, 80, 87, 1579, 171, 17781, 2034, 213, 218, 233, 240, 254, 262, 274, 299, 325, 3567, 374, 483, 5725, 580, 588, 609, 628, 631, 644, 64951, 678, 699, 709
doctors 335, 2856, 415, 44952, 464, 488, 523, 542, 575, 623, 6356, 646, 656, 6648, 687, 697
Doctors Network of Fumigated Towns (Argentina) 635
documentary 28, 117, 149, 150, 155, 165, 170, 194, 231, 317, 325, 369, 439, 454, 479, 540, 547, 557, 575, 591, 622, 661, 695, 701, 705, 709
Doe Run company 453
Doe vs. Unocal 614
Dole company 534, 6267
dolphins 278, 46, 52, 93, 303, 680
Dominican Republic 396
Dominion Minerals Corp 387
Dongria Kondh 155, 157, 170
Dongshan people 111
Donzinger, Steven 622
Dos Santos Pinto, Monilson 497
Doton, Jose 62
Douro river 514
Dow Chemical company 534, 6267
Dow Jones Sustainability Index 272
Dragon Aromatics 11112
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (India) 176, 185
Drozdz, Martine 682
Drummond company 353, 534
Drysdale, George 6645, 670
Dubec, Linda 23, 137
dugong 289
DuPont company 92, 1012, 610
Duterte, Rodrigo 51, 612
Earth Island Institute 28
Earthjustice 557, 563
Earthlife Namibia 209
EarthRights International 615
East African crude oil pipeline project 249
East African Wildlife Society 248
Eaubonne, Françoise d’ 662, 666, 684
ecocide 304, 558, 704
ecological civilization 129, 689
ecological debt 22, 65, 268, 31617, 338, 346, 367, 424, 493, 607, 6978, 71112, 716
ecological distribution conflicts 59, 11, 24, 29, 46, 106, 249, 345, 361, 507, 561, 634, 655, 6835, 717
ecological footprint 360, 660, 673, 709
ecological modernization 26, 46, 49, 129, 144, 153, 266, 717
ecologically unequal exchange 9, 20, 153, 165, 311, 467, 493, 583605, 655, 678, 691, 710, 711
Ecologistas en Acción 51314, 517, 5257, 531, 694
ecology
agroecology 485
ethnoecology 484
human 47085, 663
industrial 1011, 240, 345, 535, 583, 598603, 630, 6823, 688, 716
political ecology 711, 1923, 65, 106108, 129, 153, 223, 237, 24953, 293, 345, 350, 367, 376, 38081, 41719, 468, 47787, 535, 5834, 600, 609, 630, 65761, 67984, 689, 695, 71516
eco-modernism/efficiency 26, 153, 216, 266, 470, 680
ECSA EcuaCorriente S.A. 362
Ecuador 5, 23, 133, 223, 268, 31621, 34652, 35665, 380, 416, 4758, 497, 548, 6219, 680, 685, 698700, 71016
Azuay 35052
Kimsacocha 35052
Molleturo forest 352
Rio Blanco 35052, 406
Esmeraldas 223, 3578, 497
Muisne 3568
Galápagos 3589, 380
Guayaquil 3568
Mirador mine 3624
Ecuagoldmining 352
Ehrlich, Paul 6745
ejidos (common property, Mexico) 79, 335, 4023, 40712, 416
EJOLT 23, 20810, 282, 2956, 316, 713
Eko Krog 6534
El Salvador 51, 3857, 3923, 416, 476
elections 104, 186, 310, 326, 376, 550, 647
Électricité de France 194, 2078, 434
electricity 6, 20, 37, 424, 624, 926, 103, 112, 1258, 1368, 14951, 17071, 17982, 186208, 23840, 246, 2589, 271, 28790, 314, 323, 4036, 430, 435, 44950, 466, 476, 4824, 51314, 531, 571, 576, 600601, 614, 637
electrical transition 1345, 470, 527, 530, 580, 585
elephants 163, 170, 21718, 227, 235, 242, 251, 294, 327, 344, 574, 6478, 680
Ellul Jacques 684
ELSA Nature Conservancy 28
empate (demonstration, Brazil) 442
empire 121, 286, 345, 415, 534, 546, 678, 684
ENCE company 373, 512
Encyclical Laudato si 65, 475, 697, 704, 712
Enda Tiers Monde 271, 294, 299
Ende Gelände 21, 69, 31819, 347, 701
Endesa 79, 434
endocrine disruptor 16, 34
Energiewende (energy transition) 197
energy
sovereignty 704
mix 42, 45, 64, 128, 187
transition 3, 7, 197, 449, 637
Engels Friedrich 6868
ENGIE Electrabel 194
England 445, 654, 6634, 717
Greenham Common 398, 662
Lancashire Preston new road site 6545
London 56, 74, 165, 181, 188, 209, 212, 230, 255, 282, 330, 422, 525, 612, 622, 6635, 670, 6712
Sellafield-Windscale 634
Engro Coal Mining and Power Plant Project 125
ENI company 255, 342, 619
Entropocene 345, 689
entropy 111, 62, 1068, 266, 3445, 584, 659, 678, 6869, 71617
hole 12, 6, 11, 106, 296, 313, 344, 470, 675, 678, 6868, 717
Environmental Defence Front of Cajamarca (Peru) 590
environmental defenders 4952, 62, 668, 8791, 229, 385, 416, 450, 481, 491, 525, 609, 657, 681, 700
death threats 64, 76, 845, 400, 427, 44042, 462, 494, 56671, 651
killed 49, 6062, 66, 6891, 186, 245, 281, 38791, 398, 406, 412, 416, 43739, 442, 446, 462, 4835, 500, 566, 5712, 590, 596, 609, 662, 679, 681
see also women environmental defenders
environmental disruption 705
Environmental Impact Assessment 142, 225, 304, 501, 514, 529, 614, 638, 6457, 655
Africa 236, 240, 244, 246300, 577, 588
Latin America 76, 85, 376, 3867, 424, 434, 499, 589
South Asia 170, 176, 186, 221, 482
Environmental Investigation Agency 260, 270
environmental modernization 26
Environmental Protection Agency (USA) 100, 473, 534, 564, 636
Environmental Rights Action (FoE Nigeria) 14, 23, 268, 272, 2745, 2813, 2945, 321, 6936, 699, 715
environmentalism of the poor and the Indigenous 1, 1121, 246, 46, 103, 153, 16972, 189, 216, 223, 232, 266, 300, 311, 316, 450, 4689, 485, 504, 583, 65761, 67981, 685, 691, 715
environmentalists 5, 46, 72, 87, 171, 212, 231, 237, 337, 358, 370, 411, 415, 457, 471, 488, 504, 511, 521, 579, 633, 679
Envirotrade company 256
Equatorial Guinea 275, 278, 284, 294
Eramet company 284, 297
EROI 345, 47071, 688
Ertör, Irmak 23, 188, 703
Escobar, Arturo 14, 19, 357, 716
Eskom company 259, 6423
Espírito Santo Maria do 83, 89
Espoo Convention 193
Essar Steel 160
Estal, Gladys del 723, 89, 213, 507
Eternit company 4323, 45960, 523
ethanol 6, 215, 2357, 2456, 249, 380, 476, 483
Ethiopia 242, 560, 5779, 660
Gibe III dam 5779
Omo river 5779
eucalyptus 8, 11, 87, 162, 165, 188, 215, 257, 370, 416, 4267, 432, 447, 470, 4779, 485, 489, 503, 507, 50912, 531, 607, 643, 696, 699, 704
European Investment Bank 259, 264
European Pressurised Nuclear Reactors 2078
Evandro Chagas Institute 640
Ever Given container ship 584
evictions of local populations 51, 86, 155, 208, 21621, 227, 236, 245, 255, 262, 274, 363, 375, 390, 410, 425, 441, 445, 476, 516, 520, 572, 575, 649
exosomatic energy 4, 380, 583, 660
explosion 2930, 412, 11112, 195, 205, 258, 290, 322, 3768, 399, 467, 548, 550, 618
Extinction Rebellion 605
extractivism 8, 1720, 24, 49, 61, 1078, 13032, 150, 216, 232, 31113, 337, 3457, 446, 454, 520, 560, 5835, 6035, 60811, 634, 657, 679, 68081, 685, 691, 700, 717
Africa 22930, 2413, 264, 266, 272, 276, 2812, 2867, 290, 294, 342, 455, 477, 579, 643
anti-extractivism 74, 38081, 678, 709
extractive reserve (Brazil) 82, 419, 436, 442
Latin America 3389, 359, 373, 4057, 412, 428, 481, 497, 565, 569, 620
South Asia 1535, 165, 327, 574, 647
ExxonMobil 114, 1456, 255, 282, 315, 342, 458, 534, 612, 619
Fajardo, Pablo 623
Falconí, Fander 5
Fanari, Eleonora 23, 153
Fanon, Frantz 692
farmers peasants
faucheurs volontaires (volunteer mowers) 706
Faure, Sébastien 674
fazendeiros (large-scale farmers, Brazil) 430, 44041, 446
FCC company 517
Fearnside, Philip 435, 496, 628
feminism 317, 345, 468, 65966, 674, 677, 67980, 693, 694
eco-feminism 7, 19, 87, 163, 380, 556, 66062, 666, 6845, 692, 694
essentialism 89
materialism 89
feminismo comunitario 89
Ferdinand, Malcolm 692
Fernandes, Lúcia de Oliveira 510
Ferreira da Silva Dilma 437
fertility 65, 108, 286, 290, 480, 490, 509, 575, 636, 645, 66074, 683
fertilizers 36, 120, 172, 181, 246, 276, 285, 296, 38081, 395, 444, 470, 474, 526, 607, 6735, 6867
Fig, David 308
Finland 78, 132, 13640, 310, 668
Fiocruz (Brazil) 23, 419, 436, 495
First International (of 1871) 19
First Majestic Silver Corp. 498
First Quantum company 526
Fischer-Kowalski, Marina 10, 2969, 683, 689
fisherfolk 14, 25, 28, 3435, 3941, 53, 81, 95, 111, 11820, 129, 135, 141, 195, 3035, 311, 332, 368, 396, 427, 4456, 45455, 4679, 4825, 580, 638, 679, 692, 703
Africa 229, 247, 254, 264, 280, 307, 615, 633
South Asia 16270, 1745, 17989, 208, 217, 224, 328
fisheries 28, 53, 62, 114, 119, 120, 164, 1679, 248, 2656, 289, 303, 339, 358, 419, 470, 484, 532, 577, 683, 703, 714, 717
fishery industry 40, 118, 400
fishing, illegal 265, 359
fishmeal 359, 360, 380
Fletcher, Robert 145, 216, 233
FOBOMADE (Bolivia) 620
Focus on the Global South 51, 70
food sovereignty 20, 38, 100, 188, 25657, 301, 556, 698, 7046, 710
forest 6, 8, 17, 5461, 74, 98, 14043, 15559, 16365, 17071, 176, 183, 21727, 232, 3038, 467, 488, 4945, 501, 51011, 547, 56377, 587, 650, 651, 687, 691, 699
afforestation 427
Africa 247, 25663, 27284, 294
boreal forest 132, 141
coastal forest 30911
conservation 231, 698
degradation 237
fire 215, 512
Forest Rights Act (India) 157, 165, 188, 218, 220, 327, 581
forestry company 136, 231
Latin America 7984, 352, 361, 385, 400, 4078, 41219, 428, 42932, 43746, 47682, 5938
lenga 376
monsoon forest 228
primary forest 2313, 383, 481, 504
products 59, 260, 426
rainforest 230, 2725, 280, 284, 295, 4312, 441, 480, 568, 575, 596, 628, 6479
reforestation 70, 81, 444, 489
rights 159, 163, 327, 700
sal forest 701
subtropical forest 386
tropical forest 99, 276
Forest Stewardship Council certification 256, 568, 597
Forests Absorbing Carbon Dioxide Emissions 476
Formosa Chemicals company 9596, 304, 610
Foronda, Maria Elena 85, 360
fossil fuels 110, 2122, 62, 66, 13338, 15053, 206, 212, 31314, 320, 326, 330, 355, 3645, 397, 403, 419, 447, 46870, 484, 53235, 5845, 601603, 653, 65960, 68391
Africa 223, 238, 247, 254, 2957, 33547, 476
coal, gas, oil,
Françafrique 106, 229, 265, 284, 480, 609
France 212, 28, 64, 106, 122, 143, 187, 20610, 25960, 265, 272, 285, 288, 31719, 333, 342, 393, 4289, 433, 458, 459, 468, 4723, 507, 531, 597, 610, 61417, 632, 6656, 674, 677, 704, 717
Brittany 194
Plogoff 191, 1946, 213
Bugey 193
Creys-Malville 195, 201
Fessenheim 1935, 198, 213
French Guiana 4289
Montagne d’Or 4289
French Polynesia 202, 203
La Mède refinery 480
Marcoule 122
Mayotte 251
Meuse 19495
Bure 195
France Nature Environnement 480
Frank, Andre Gunder 598
Fraser, Nancy 462, 715
Freedom of Information Act (USA) 474
Freeport McMoran company 55, 526, 534
Frelimo government (Mozambique) 258, 611
Frente de Defensa de la Amazonía 623
Fridays for Future 15, 45, 3212, 344, 48, 685
Friends of Nature 129, 225, 228
Friends of the Earth 55, 66, 148, 151, 198, 207, 210, 2534, 260, 2668, 272, 282, 2945, 324, 332, 376, 445, 480, 485, 571, 593, 615, 621, 6478, 654, 6937, 700, 715
Friends of the Inyo (USA) 5912
Front Line Defenders 17, 52
Fuleni people 334
FUNAI (National Indian Foundation, Brazil) 43031, 443, 567, 568
Fundecol (Ecuador) 3578
funeral pyres 86
Funtowicz, Silvio 208, 634, 6567, 710
Furtado, Celso 603
Furukawa Corporation 26, 46
Gabon 2767, 2836, 2935
Gadgil, Madhav 11, 171, 217, 419, 488
GAIA 409, 520, 6412, 656, 700
Gaidamavičius, Andrejus 231
Galeano, Eduardo 373, 680
Gambia 293, 2967, 300301, 311
Gamesa company 79, 404
Gandhi, Indira 217, 324, 672
Gandhi, Rajiv 1856, 219, 325
Gandhian thought 165, 287, 6712, 702
García Linera, Alvaro 3378, 620
García, Renzo 3545
Garífuna people 77
garimpeiros (informal miners, Brazil) 43031, 438, 442, 446
gas
fracking 6, 255, 31619, 3357, 346, 370, 416, 460, 546, 618, 638, 6545, 682, 699, 701
liquified natural gas 143, 150, 2516, 333, 342, 347, 461, 61115, 6379, 6556
natural gas 35, 10, 445, 69, 87, 114, 124, 1325, 1456, 176, 1889, 205, 211, 238, 2459, 268, 27683, 293, 313, 32147, 366, 38081, 449, 45861, 481, 54650, 55771, 585, 600605, 61724, 63742, 656, 679, 686, 717
shale gas 316, 319, 336, 461, 618, 654
gas flaring 14, 2813, 293, 321, 402403, 628, 681
Geddes, Patrick 9, 600
gender 656, 659, 672, 692
inequalities 89, 672
justice 426, 679
General Electric 967
geoengineering 256, 316, 484
Georgescu-Roegen, Nicholas 13, 19, 47071, 600, 608, 659, 683, 688
Gerber, J.-F. 20, 23, 477, 576, 683
Germany 21, 69, 1918, 21113, 238, 347, 530, 630, 6646, 671, 701, 704, 706, 717
Brokdorf 1978, 213
Hambach forest 31819, 701
Kalkar 1967, 213
Lützerath 319
Wyhl 191, 1978, 213
Ghana 26870, 2858, 293, 2945, 355
Accra 269, 294
Agbogbloshie 269, 270, 2924
Akosombo 2878, 293, 295, 608
Ashanti 286
Obuasi 2867, 295
Bui 2878, 293, 295
Volta river 270, 2878, 293, 295
Giampietro, Mario 5, 471, 688
Gibbs, Lois 5356, 634
Giorni, Secondo 668, 670
Giroud, Gabriel 670, 673
Glencore Xstrata 556, 353, 3612, 379, 457, 608
Global South 1921, 63, 347, 493
Global Witness 17, 61, 68, 229, 260, 272, 446, 557, 569, 595, 681
glyphosate 5, 337, 370, 374, 380, 401, 416, 476, 6336, 704
GMO 277, 293, 3746, 400401, 432, 472, 475, 509, 7046
GOB (Grup Balear d’Ornitologia, Spain) 520
Godard, Olivier 315
gold 35, 49, 51, 525, 89, 118, 1245, 138, 147, 305, 316, 44664, 49092, 503, 530, 571, 583, 5856, 592, 600603, 634, 644, 6556, 679, 706707
Africa 248, 268, 2857, 2935, 451, 458, 588, 643
Latin America 7072, 76, 35055, 36170, 3769, 38387, 39293, 4067, 410, 41415, 42830, 438, 463, 495500, 565, 566, 58991, 624
Gold Corp 76, 379, 383, 393, 4067
Goldman, Emma 6612, 665, 684
Goldman environmental prize 19, 44, 78, 8081, 159, 22930, 241, 284, 324, 360, 39091, 402, 412, 416, 429, 473, 4835, 516, 531, 572, 591, 610, 623, 653
Gond people 488
González Casanova, Pablo 417
Goodland Robert 429, 535, 633, 644
goons 84, 156
gorillas 22930, 593
Gorz, André 689
governance 81, 166, 225, 238, 275, 419, 491, 500, 579, 605, 629
self-governance 140, 148, 581
Grace company 539
GRAIN 610, 6989, 711
Grandjean, Valentin 665
Grandparents Climate Campaign 133
GPII (France) 701
Grassberg 55, 644
gravel 244, 285, 296, 311, 381, 520, 584, 600, 700, 717
grazing 126, 136, 263, 442, 499, 510, 644
green jobs 468
green movement 188, 192, 1978, 225, 417, 468
Green Resources company 2567, 477
Greenland 132, 14850, 310
Greenpeace 39, 63, 79, 1334, 14044, 151, 183, 193, 2013, 20911, 303, 3578, 371, 378, 4345, 473, 480, 485, 51622, 694, 705
Greenstone Resources Limited 500
greenwashing 21, 275, 709
grève des ventres (womb strike) 661, 666
grievances 245, 103, 129, 238, 2556, 290, 303, 32021, 3368, 344, 350, 426, 443, 449, 450, 461, 526, 532, 661, 679, 6934
grileiros (land grabbers, Brazil) 834, 4389, 447
Grupo Mexico company 25, 41214
Gu, Bojian 227
Gu, Bowen 23, 127, 333
Guaman Poma de Ayala, Felipe 590, 633
guano 35960, 454, 470, 599, 600, 675, 6856
Guarani people 366, 432, 446
Guardians of the Lagoons (Peru) 590
Guatemala 68, 76, 89, 272, 364, 38999, 4067, 41617, 561, 566, 5956
Cerro Blanco mine 393
Escobal mine 78, 393
Laguna del Tigre 364, 398, 417
Marlin mine 393
Polochic valley 3912
Sierra de las Minas 596
Xalala dam 389, 398
Guattari, Felix 693
Gudynas, Eduardo 49, 373, 381, 419, 589, 603, 700
Guerreros Verdes (Mexico) 79
Guha, Ramachandra 11, 1617, 22, 153, 189, 419, 450, 68081
Guha, Ranajit 67980
Guiana 42830
Guinea 288, 294
Boké 28993, 295
Fomi dam 288
Simandou mountains 2915
Gulf of Guinea 26771, 2757, 27895, 356, 445, 460, 480, 626, 692
Gulf of Mexico 364, 402, 5478, 626
Gutiérrez, Pablo 339
Guzman, Federico 23, 398, 411
Haas, Willi 6, 10, 106, 296
Haber-Bosch process 470, 675, 686
Haberl, Helmut 215, 598, 673, 683, 685, 689
Hakka people 989
Hall, Charles 687
Hamouchene, Hamza 461
Hanaček, Ksenija 223, 87, 90, 132, 151, 191, 592, 681
Hanlon, Joe 255, 611
HANPP 10, 21516, 231, 2357, 471, 661, 673
Hardin, Garrett 345, 660, 676, 714
Harihar Polyfibres company 479
Harvey, David 580, 685, 690
Hays, Samuel 450
health
children 374, 5356, 635, 644
compensations 117, 2034
environmental health 18, 368, 396, 449, 475, 523, 528, 547, 635, 657
general issues 5, 9, 226, 40, 5860, 756, 93, 100104, 11430, 156209, 230, 258, 2649, 28086, 31920, 33360, 3679, 38086, 424, 4434, 45054, 46673, 478, 520, 52632, 54851, 557, 585, 61944, 676, 6927, 705
asthma 36, 46, 397, 545, 549, 643
cancer 55, 92, 1038, 11622, 173, 17880, 196, 2015, 249, 254, 285, 3689, 385, 3937, 4079, 456, 46063, 518, 523, 53545, 558, 574, 610, 622, 628, 636, 701, 710
kidney diseases 183, 270, 393, 475, 492, 545, 551, 656
poisoning 327, 46, 125, 202, 372, 375, 4089, 449, 474, 535
respiratory diseases 8, 36, 46, 68, 107, 128, 172, 314, 332, 407, 4313, 449, 516, 536, 63443
silicosis 8, 413, 449, 452
skin diseases 172, 178, 360, 383, 407, 574
yusho disease 334
healthcare 14, 879, 176, 1823, 496, 661
legislation 37, 55, 133, 313, 354, 371, 624
mental health 645
popular health 345, 561, 68083, 6924
reproductive health 79
right to a healthy environment 133, 313, 354, 371, 456, 565
risks 30, 180, 2836, 29091, 295, 332, 371, 413, 444, 450, 4569, 467, 496, 517, 542, 553, 623, 6523
services 34, 299301, 369, 375, 4079, 41319, 433, 523, 552, 571, 634, 640
workers 30, 44950, 523
heavy metals 348, 51, 57, 11617, 125, 182, 240, 286, 3679, 379, 385, 40716, 429, 476, 492, 517, 524, 53840, 624, 64045, 656, 701
Henning, Lynn 4734
herders 115, 124, 136, 140, 144, 2412, 472, 644
Hernández Navarro, Luis 78, 398
Hévécam company 5756
Hibakusha 212, 285, 295
Hickel, Jason 2021, 600, 659
hidrocracia 704, 714
Hikari Foundation 33
Hindalco 155, 157
Hindu people 126, 169, 4879, 5045
Hinduism 306, 4878, 534, 672
Hindutva 1657, 1746, 189, 505, 560
Hirata, Kimiko 44, 324
Hispanic people 414, 536, 544, 550, 557, 601, 697
Hollande, François 203
Honduras 23, 68, 778, 89, 3923, 400, 406, 4834, 500, 681, 692
Agua Zarca hydroelectricity project 77, 4823, 681
Valle de Siria 3835, 393
Hong Kong 11421, 2067, 23031, 352, 394
Honneth, Alex 462
Hornborg, Alf 9, 493, 5834, 598, 602
hospitals 3035, 44, 72, 11718, 16062, 249, 376, 397, 413, 475, 488, 542, 550, 645, 697
housing 70, 81, 138, 160, 291, 299, 369, 408, 4447, 454, 458, 545, 588, 601, 637, 693
Howarth, Richard B. 316
Hubbert, M. King 467, 548, 684
Hulot, Nicolas 193, 428
human bodies 72, 90, 173, 468
human rights 78, 17, 4959, 659, 7587, 122, 1346, 149, 156, 165, 240, 255, 260, 282, 29094, 320, 33034, 3557, 376, 3912, 4045, 42934, 4534, 476, 494, 500, 54047, 560, 5737, 607, 61421, 659, 68084, 6969, 7036
Human Rights Watch 61, 75, 22930, 258, 301, 456
hunger strike 42, 104, 1689, 17480, 1868, 306, 313, 328, 386, 45961, 4857, 535
Huot, Marie 661
Huq, Nasreen 73, 89
Huria, Sonali 207
Hydro Resources company 552
hydrocarbon 177, 339, 366, 610, 618, 624
hydropower 711, 213, 378, 467, 8990, 153, 162, 17071, 185, 188, 217, 221, 233, 314, 345, 4467, 470, 489, 499, 503, 536, 584, 6089, 640, 656, 696, 7015, 717
Africa 249, 2579, 266, 2849, 2935, 5769
East Asia 92, 98, 104, 11213, 118, 128, 2248
Europe 1325, 14950, 507, 51315, 531
Latin America 77, 82, 229, 366, 37980, 3879, 398, 4046, 41016, 42931, 4348, 442, 4823, 500, 567
South East Asia 49, 612, 484, 495, 587 dam
Iamgold company 35052
Iberdrola 79, 404, 434, 519
Ibsen, Henrik 134
ICCA (Indigenous and Community Conserved Areas) 216, 233, 242, 611
Iceland 132, 14950
Ich, Adolfo 39091
iconography 1, 18, 341, 345, 445, 678