In this opening chapter readers are introduced to the scope and analytical framework of this book. Before delving into the heart of the shipbreaking phenomenon and the comprehensive analysis of the different legal regimes governing ship recycling, this chapter serves as a navigational guide, clarifying the intricate boundaries of the present research. This brief yet clear introduction outlines the main analytical lenses through which ship recycling is explored in this book: justice, environmental principles, and the role of the EU as a global leader. Through these lenses, the chapter sets the stage for an in-depth exploration of the existing legal frames and provides readers with a clear roadmap to dissect the complexities of ship recycling while unveiling the pivotal role of the European Union as a global actor in this sector.