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The aspects of femicide addressed in Part II are the ongoing nature of human rights violations; the severity of harm (one or both of two human rights violations: either the violation of the prohibition of torture or the right to life); the discriminatory undertone of systemic violence against female social groups; and state responsibility by inaction for acts committed by unidentified or private actors. The African human rights system's limited case law relevant to femicide and the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) Committee's indirect approach to violence justified the focus on the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR) in particular, the latter of which has developed the most progressive standards in terms of recognizing gender-based violence.