This chapter conceptualizes femicide as a multi-faceted human rights
violation. Aspects are drawn from previous chapters to clarify which
human rights violations and international crimes are useful to
conceptualize femicide. I propose a concept of femicide in the
context of the existing human rights framework, departing from the
general understanding of femicide as killings of women and girls
based on their gender. I define femicide as 'widespread and severe
violence which targets a defined group of women and girls based on
their gender - in order to objectify, humiliate, and/or instill fear
in them - ultimately relegating women and girls to a subordinate
social status, where such violence remains unpunished by the State.'
I examine each aspect of femicide in order: widespread violence,
targeting a defined female social group, gender-based human rights
violations, the subordinate social status of the female social
group, and the impunity for acts of femicide.