Chapter 1: History, organization, and management of the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP)
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The internet owes its existence to the creation of the domain name system (DNS), first proposed in 1983. Subsequent commercialization of the internet rapidly led to a proliferation of abusive domain names. As a result of a report published by WIPO in 1999, the UDRP was adopted by ICANN, together with a Policy governing the resolution of domain name disputes. The Policy defines the terms and conditions governing the determination of disputes between trademark owners and owners of disputed domain names. The objectives of the Policy include enabling trademark owners to curb abuses of the DNS system affecting their trademark rights, expeditiously and at reasonable cost, while respecting the legitimate rights of domain name owners to use their domain names in good faith. Such abuses typically are called “cybersquatting.” All ICANN registrars are required to adopt the Policy, and they are subject to ICANN Rules for administering the Policy.