Chapter 1: Foundations
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The several approaches to Internet regulation are discussed with a special focus on their implications from a conflict of laws perspective. The impact of increasing self-regulation by Internet actors in the private law field is analyzed as well as the very limited uniformity achieved in the framework of intergovernmental international organizations. Those elements determine the role that private international law is to play with respect to multijurisdictional transactions and activities in the Internet context. At EU level, unification has been achieved to a great extent with regard to the conflict of laws provisions relevant for Internet related disputes, both in the field of jurisdiction, particularly as a result of the Brussels Ia Regulation, and applicable law, especially by means of the Rome I and Rome II Regulations. The EU legal framework and the challenges raised by its application to Internet activities are presented in comparative perspective.