The aim in the chapter is to introduce time-geography as a method for mobility research. Time-geography offers conceptual tools to grasp experiences, emotions and strategies in everyday life. Time-geography illustrates time–space movements and how restrictions and barriers impact on individual space–time movements. The reader is provided with examples of how to design and use time-geographical travel diaries, and how to combine the method with theories from social sciences. The chapter provides knowledge on how, when, where and why travel diaries should be used in mobility research.
Malin Henriksson and Jessica Berg
Malin Henriksson, Martin Hultman, Nils Johansson, Anna Kaijser and Björn Wallsten
Ways of organizing matter to circulate longer in societies are gaining much political and business interest. Simultaneously, research has seen an upsurge. In this chapter we argue that this focus on circulating matter is welcome, but that the practice of Circular Economy, might greenwash destructive industrial modern production. Current research into Circular Economy is mainly done at a large industrial scale, thereby focusing on re-circulating waste into resources. We propose that research needs also to be done on a more human, down to earth, scale in which forms of Social Entrepreneurship and Ecopreneurship might help show how to organize transitional agency towards living within planetary boundaries. From this perspective decentralized and small-scale solutions can be illuminated that will be part of re-designing systems, making circular flows not only focusing on waste, but also display choices about what matter could circulate more and what should not.