Corruption, as a feature of human societies, has wide-ranging and often potent impacts on both economic and societal development. In many cases, widespread and rampant corruption is enough to induce poverty or political instability. Since the late 1990s, following the increased availability of large and extensive datasets, numerous empirical analyses on the causes and effects of corruption have been published. It is the aim of this chapter to provide a current and up to date survey of recent developments and literature regarding both the causes and effects of corruption. Some of these recent developments include e-government and immigrations as determinants and brain drain and human capital as effects. Specific emphasis is put on the methodologies that different studies employ.