Thomas H. Speedy Rice, Alora Jiang and Artem Shaipov
Since its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Ukraine has been beset by public corruption and various state captures by corrupt oligarchs. The increase in corruption and inequality has sparked two major revolution movements, the last being the 2014 Euromaidan Revolution which has led to a series of reforms to combat its entrenched public corruption issue. These reform initiatives have enjoyed varying degrees of success due to obstructions of the entrenched interests. Major sectors of public corruption in Ukraine face common problems including unequal access to profitable public bidding and auction opportunities, abuse of state authorities for private protection, and a lack of transparency, which breeds opportunities for corrupt behavior. While there are still many remaining issues and a long way ahead in Ukraine’s long-term battle against corruption, the post-Euromaidan reforms are meaningful and encouraging steps in the right direction.