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Tobias Böhmelt and Zorzeta Bakaki

How does mediation diffuse from one crisis to another? Previous research focuses on geographical ties to explain this. This chapter contributes to this work by adding culture as a substantively meaningful link among disputes that may facilitate the “traveling” of mediation. Ties, if strong and well established, facilitate the flow of information. If two crises are tied to each other via such links, actors might have learned from what happened in the past, even if this occurred in another conflict. The authors contend that cultural similarities between two crises will have a positive impact on the chances of seeing mediation if there was mediation in another dispute. Shared cultural characteristics can lower coordination and collaboration costs. The authors also distinguish between learning and emulation mechanisms and, eventually, report that mediation generally diffuses via cultural ties connecting crises, but it is primarily successful mediation attempts that drive this result.