The ongoing Brexit process has profound consequences for Northern Ireland within the constitution of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Given the overriding importance of the Irish border to the Brexit negotiations, this chapter examines the historical and constitutional circumstances that led to partition of Ireland in the first place. It goes on to consider the injustices prevalent within Northern Ireland prior to and during the ‘Troubles’ era, and the resolution of these issues of justice/injustice, via constitutional means, with the Good Friday/Belfast Agreement of 1998. Finally, it considers how the Brexit process has reopened apparently settled questions on the constitutional status of Northern Ireland within the UK, such as the viability of the post-1998 power-sharing institutions and the issue of whether a referendum on reunification with a united Ireland should be called.
This chapter examines how music is defined and protected under copyright law with a focus on traditional music, and outlines the reasons why, even if their music is protectable, traditional musicians might decide not to enforce copyright in their works. While there is space for some use of innovative licensing, inspired by FOSS and Creative Commons, it should not be viewed as a panacea; instead, acknowledgement and maintenance of the social norms within traditional music communities are of vital importance, rather than dramatic legal changes. The particular jurisdiction I focus on is the UK, but the underlying principles of the chapter are relevant to copyright elsewhere, for example in the EU, the US, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.