Turkey has a considerable share of worldwide tourism, and has become a popular destination more recently in terms of medical tourism. The Turkish healthcare system has gone through a radical structural change since 2003 and Turkey has made significant investments in health services in both the private and public sectors. Data from the Ministry of Health suggest that the number of international patients receiving health services in Turkey grew from 74 000 in 2008 to approximately 262 000 in 2012. Not all patients travelling to Turkey are individuals who pay out-of-pocket. There are also state-state relations and reimbursements. Turkey also provides health services to citizens of the countries that have rights to receive medical help within the scope of the Social Security Agreements and its own citizens living abroad. Turkey has many competitive advantages including high-quality and low-price services, hospitals at international standards and international accreditation, educated and experienced human resources, short waiting times, and its history, geography, attractions and climate that make it popular for visitors. In this chapter, the development and current state of medical tourism, relevant politics and regulation, and the future development of medical tourism in Turkey are examined.