Eleonore Kofman and Parvati Raghuram
Much existing work on global gender and migration has focused on care and its transfer across households. However, building on the revived interest in social reproduction in International Political Economy (IPE) in the last few years, particularly as it relates to gendered migrations, this chapter explores how the failure and/or inadequate conditions of social reproduction are not only an outcome but also a driver of global migrations among different categories of migrants, including labour, family, students, asylum seekers and refugees. The authors suggest that focusing on a range of sites (states, markets, community and household), sectors and skills beyond the household offers new insights into the relationship between production and reproduction across genders, and how these are being reconfigured in an increasingly heterogeneous Global North and South. The chapter also outlines how skills, class, race, nationality and legal status produce new forms of inequality and stratified rights.