Children from disadvantaged families enter the labour market with less prestigious jobs than children from advantaged families, regardless of their level of education. This early drawback can be reduced over the working career. This chapter aims to investigate the role of institutional compensation in the form of adult education in reducing this social inequality. The authors consider both the quantitative and the qualitative aspects of adult education and examine how different kinds of adult education courses can contribute to the dynamics of compensation. They focus on the case of West Germany and use the adult cohort of the National Educational Panel Study (NEPS) to investigate men and women born in West Germany between 1965 and 1974. They find that the mechanism of compensation works for men but not for women. Courses are a resource for men who are in a highly disadvantaged position and who seek to improve their occupational prestige by taking courses. For women, this is not the case. The most useful courses for men are those strictly related to their working careers. Adult education for women is, instead, positively associated with high prestige jobs only if the training is undertaken for personal pleasure.
Alessandra Minello and Hans-Peter Blossfeld
Sandra Buchholz, Jan Skopek and Hans-Peter Blossfeld
An International Comparison of School-to-Work Transitions
Edited by Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Jan Skopek, Moris Triventi and Sandra Buchholz
For much of the twentieth century, women lagged considerably behind men in their educational attainment. However, in recent decades, young women have become an important source of human capital for labor markets in modern societies, as well as potential competitors to the male workforce. This book asks whether or not women have been able to convert their educational success into gains on the labor market
Nevena Kulic, Jan Skopek, Moris Triventi and Hans-Peter Blossfeld
Jan Skopek, Nevena Kulic, Moris Triventi and Hans-Peter Blossfeld
An International Perspective
Edited by Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Nevena Kulic, Jan Skopek and Moris Triventi
Recognising that social change over recent decades has strengthened the need for early childhood education and care, this book seeks to answer what role this plays in creating and compensating for social inequalities in educational attainment.