With roughly a quarter of the world’s population the entry of China into the global market represents, in the Arab view, the rise of a non-Western nation to the rank of a major power for the first time since World War I. While this view carries hope to all developing countries, Arab countries included, it raises an important question: how will the Arab nations deal with this new Chinese reality that is gradually taking shape next to them? There are 22 Arab states, each with its own economic and political agenda, plans and objectives. Some differ, and some are similar, which makes it difficult to predict the ways in which they will react to any future economic, social, political, or geopolitical phenomenon. For this reason, the authors attempt in this chapter to answer the question within the limits of a sub-regional system, namely the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).