The chapter discusses the precarious and adverse working conditions of farmers and small-scale miners in today’s world of work. This is the vulnerable working population in many parts of the developing world that calls for broader institutional arrangement on protecting their health and safety, and to ensure the very basic decency of work. It is argued in the chapter that the agriculture and mining sectors are among the biggest revenue-generating economic activities in the world and in the Philippines, yet, it is ironic that their work rights and rights for healthful and safe work are not protected. Hence, there is an urgent need to focus on the farmers’ and miners’ occupational health and safety, and that their work in agriculture or mining adds value to their lives and well-being, and does not, on the contrary, end their life as a consequence of a serious work-related accident, or chronic occupational illness from handling dangerous chemicals.
Jinky Leilanie Del Prado-Lu
The chapter discusses the historical evolution of work, culminating in today’s introduction and use of information technology in manufacturing. It discusses the corollary changes in the work environment such as lean production, 24-hour economy, re-engineering, and flexible production. All these changes have posed challenges in the emerging nature of hazards and risks found at work, and have a profound implication on the occupational health and safety of the worker. The chapter refers to research abroad, and then in more detail, selected studies conducted by the author in the Philippines on the nature of work and hazards in the new workplace. Then it ends by pointing to several strategies and interventions that can be undertaken both at the national and firm levels in order to establish a culture and climate of safety backed up by national legislation and actual programs on the shop floor.