South America comprises Regional Integration (RI) processes, including free movement, and it has been presented by many scholars as being the second most developed region in this regard at the global level, and as being comparable in some respects to the European experience. In this chapter we explore selected aspects of the free movement regime in MERCOSUR and the possible influence the EU might have had on them. By looking at the ideas and understandings of free movement that influenced policy outcomes in MERCOSUR, we will argue that while the first ‘generation’ of regulations shared some technical aspects, vocabulary and ideas deriving from the EU’s experiment, in the ‘second generation’ the policies in South America were ‘decoupled’ from the process of economic integration and did not take the EU as a reference at all. We then identify a third possible generation of policies in which some ‘European’ concepts and language are used - but with different meanings and understandings - by MERCOSUR policymaking actors.
Leiza Brumat and Diego Acosta
Andrew Geddes, Marcia Vera Espinoza, Leila Hadj Abdou and Leiza Brumat
This chapter surveys the book’s three theoretical debates: regions and regionalism; international migration; and governance. It looks at each in turn and pays close attention to the ways in which it is governance systems themselves – through their organisational modes and practices as well as the ideas that animate them – that can play a key role in defining the migration challenge and its regional dimension. This means ascribing a direct role to governance systems and not seeing them as passive recipients of various forms of international migration to which they must then respond. The chapter then outlines the various contributions to the book as they develop these analytical themes and explore the dynamics of regional migration governance in highly diverse settings.
Andrew Geddes, Leila Hadj Abdou, Marcia Vera Espinoza and Leiza Brumat
This concluding chapter identifies four of the book’s key themes: how regional governance systems themselves play a key role in defining the migration challenge; how proximity and interdependence can but do not necessarily lead to closer cooperation; how regional migration governance is not simply a ‘space’ for new governance practices but actually embodies and reflects core political tensions around migration issues; and how regional migration governance demonstrates both the limits and possibilities of global cooperation on migration.