This chapter introduces the book’s theme of globalization and China’s increasingly active role in it, and outlines the structure of this book, its five parts and 24 chapters contributed by scholars from Australia, Britain, Canada, China, Denmark, France, India, Japan, Qatar, the United States, and China’s Hong Kong and Taiwan regions. The author outlines the book’s contribution to new ideas and perspectives for readers to better understand China and globalization.
Globalization is at a crossroads, buffeted by the winds of changing immigration and employment policies in the West. In this context, studying overseas has to slow down. The growth rate of international students in traditionally popular countries like the United States and the United Kingdom is slowing. China, the biggest source of overseas students globally, has seen a slowdown in 2016; however, the proportion of self-funded students abroad stayed high, the studies abroad maintained the tendency of plebification and popularization, and at the same time, it raised concerns for the safety of students abroad. The number of returnees continued to rise. On the one hand, this has provided a large reserve of international talents; on the other, returnee employment entered a “Bronze Age,” in which families and society debate the value of studying abroad. Based on an analysis of the features of Chinese studying abroad, the chapter gives some suggestions on cooperating more closely on international education, building a comprehensive platform that deals with returnee employment, intensifying safety education and training for students abroad, and attracting more foreign students to study in China.
Mabel Lu Miao
China’s new talent strategy has received growing and considerable attention from the scholarly community, practitioners and policymakers. Talent plays an important role in modernizing China in various key aspects. Unfortunately, amid the current global talent mobility wave, comprehensive understanding of talent management and its impact on China’s socioeconomic development and exchanges with the rest of the world remains limited. To address this gap, we provide an overview of China’s return migration and articulate its implications for contemporary Chinese society by presenting recent empirical evidence bearing on this issue. In so doing, we reveal the driving forces for Chinese returnees, from both the macro-level perspective by applying the push and pull theoretical lens, and from the micro-level perspective by identifying the role of social capital and improving career prospects in emerging economies like China.