This chapter analyses the role of Mexico within regional migration governance in North America. By exploring regional cooperation from the perspective of Mexico’s elite decision-makers on migration, the chapter argues that Mexico has moved from a ‘policy of no policy’ approach to a policy characterised by both depoliticisation and path dependence. The ‘policy of depoliticised policy’ acts through technocratic bilateral migration cooperation in order to deal with emigration and return migration. On the other hand, I identify a path dependence approach to deal with immigration and transit dynamics, which repeats previous policies furthering the United States’ (US) security interests through the securitisation of border control. Both serve as a dual strategy attempting to deal with the uncertain scenario triggered by the migration policy in the US, characterised by increasing restrictions and an even more securitised approach to migration. As a result, Mexico’s strategy ultimately reinforces the status quo of weak regionalism that characterises North America.
Andrew Geddes, Marcia Vera Espinoza, Leila Hadj Abdou and Leiza Brumat
This chapter surveys the book’s three theoretical debates: regions and regionalism; international migration; and governance. It looks at each in turn and pays close attention to the ways in which it is governance systems themselves – through their organisational modes and practices as well as the ideas that animate them – that can play a key role in defining the migration challenge and its regional dimension. This means ascribing a direct role to governance systems and not seeing them as passive recipients of various forms of international migration to which they must then respond. The chapter then outlines the various contributions to the book as they develop these analytical themes and explore the dynamics of regional migration governance in highly diverse settings.
Andrew Geddes, Leila Hadj Abdou, Marcia Vera Espinoza and Leiza Brumat
This concluding chapter identifies four of the book’s key themes: how regional governance systems themselves play a key role in defining the migration challenge; how proximity and interdependence can but do not necessarily lead to closer cooperation; how regional migration governance is not simply a ‘space’ for new governance practices but actually embodies and reflects core political tensions around migration issues; and how regional migration governance demonstrates both the limits and possibilities of global cooperation on migration.