This chapter examines the relationship between internal and international migration in the African context. The nature of Africa’s migration history presents a challenging but interesting perspective on the dichotomous traditions of internal and international migration on the continent. However complex, this area of research comprises a knowledge and policy gap worth investigating for the development of the African continent. The migration taking place on the continent is mostly internal rather than international. Therefore, the continent stands to benefit more in terms of development by integrating these two traditions and redefining the continent’s development policies to focus on internal migration instead of on international migration, which is just a small part of Africa’s migration trajectory. What is more, development should be decentralised so that people no longer have to seek opportunities by moving. This way, Africa is also likely to solve the challenges of irregular and youth migration in and out of the continent.