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Valsamis Mitsilegas and Niovi Vavoula

This chapter examines key privacy concerns raised by the establishment and operation of EU large-scale information systems (the Schengen Information System – SIS II, the Eurodac. the Visa Information System – VIS, and the Entry/Exit System – EES) as well as the EU PNR Directive. By dividing the chronology of the EU developments into three waves, it is argued that the current landscape in relation to the systematic collection, storage and further processing of personal data carries the characteristics of mass surveillance of movement through digital technologies. This surveillance of mobility, which is focused on prevention, has become the normal and logical response to future threats disregarding the high standards of privacy protection as advanced by the EU Court of Justice.