Chapter 7 provides a comprehensive analysis of Russia’s Arctic fisheries management policies. Given that Russia has the longest coastline in the Arctic, its practice under international law is essential for sustainable management of Arctic marine living resources. The chapter first analyses Russian law and policy on conservation of Arctic marine living resources. Second, it reviews bilateral efforts to regulate Arctic fisheries with Norway and the United States. And, finally, the chapter discusses Russia’s Arctic fishery management policies in the multilateral arena, such as the Arctic Council, and the recent CAO Agreement. Special attention is given to Russia’s role in fighting illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in the Arctic region.