This chapter offers a critical survey of Greece’s role in the Cyprus peace process. It begins with a historical overview by emphasizing Greece’s positive role in five instances: 1959–63 (Zurich–London agreements period), 1964 (Acheson mediation), 1968–70 (first phase of the intercommunal talks), 1975–81 and 1999–2004 (Annan Plan). It then explores Greek misperceptions of the Cyprus problem and the role of Turkey (and of the Turkish Cypriots). Heraclides argues that a more constructive role by Greece in Cyprus’s peace process can only be achieved if it rests on an accurate knowledge of the Cyprus problem as it has evolved. The chapter concludes with how this can come about on the basis of Alexander Wendt’s ‘critical self-reflection’, which comprises two preconditions and four steps for change to occur.