In post-conflict disaster contexts, children occupy a pivotal position. Not only do they often constitute over half of the population, as the next generation, responsible for the progression of post-conflict agreements and initiatives, children are key to reconstruction, reconciliation and future stability. Despite this, children have typically been underrepresented in post-conflict recovery schemes. This chapter considers the protection and promotion of children’s rights in post-conflict disaster contexts. Specifically, it analyses the contribution that transitional justice mechanisms can make to improving respect for children’s rights, to building sustainable peace and to building resilience in the face of future conflict-related disasters.