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Seung Jin Son and Allan H. Anderson

The religious enthusiasm that is found in Pentecostal and Charismatic forms of Christianity is a result of spiritual and cultural insecurity. As most Pentecostals tend to focus on evangelism, through which they believe they can bring souls to Christ, the Pentecostal church might not appear to be as interested in providing the humanitarian support that will sustain people through their social, cultural, financial and emotional needs. In fact, however, in many places in the Global South, Pentecostal churches have provided spiritual and cultural security, in which their members can meet a God who protects them, and they can attain cultural resources for their survival in the world. Case studies from South Africa and Honduras are illustrative of this principle. It is possible to understand conversion to Pentecostalism in relation to cultural security, as conversion is an action seeking refuge from an insecure world.